Top Engineering Courses after Class 12th
Application of scientific and mathematical knowledge for solving real-world problems is known as Engineering. While Science gives us an understanding of the universe, Engineering helps us in using that information to invent, design, and process things to solve any problem. In easy words, the job of an engineer is to identify a problem and come up with a feasible solution for it.
Eligibility Criteria for Engineering Courses
To pursue a career in Engineering, each student requires to meet certain eligibility criteria. The criteria depend on the course; the student wishes to pursue:
- Any student who has completed class 10th from a recognised educational institution is eligible to apply for a diploma course in engineering.
- Students who have cleared class 12th in Science with PCM (Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics) can apply for the undergraduate programme of engineering.
- Any student who wishes to pursue a postgraduate course in engineering must have a B.Tech/ B.E degree.
Top Courses and Duration
There are courses available for engineering at different levels. They are:
Diploma Course - A diploma course in Engineering is of three years. Students can pursue this course after completing class 10th.
Bachelors Course – A bachelor’s course in Engineering is of four years. Students can pursue B.E or B.Tech after completing their class 12th in Science with PCM.
Masters Course – A master’s course in Engineering is for two years. Students can pursue M.E or M.Tech after completing their four years of B.Tech/ B.E.
Top Engineering Entrance Exams
Students seeking admissions in top colleges and universities in India need to clear entrance exams of those institutes.
- IIT JEE Main 2019 (All India Level Joint Entrance Examination)
- IIT JEE Advanced 2019 (All India Level Joint Entrance Examination)
- GATE 2019 (Graduate Aptitude Test for Engineering)
- BITSAT Exam 2019 (Birla Institute of Technology and Science)
- IPU CET 2019 (Indra Prastha University Common Entrance Test)
- VITEEE 2019 (Vellore Engineering Entrance Examination)
Some State Recognised Entrance Exams are:
- UPSEE 2019 Exam (Uttar Pradesh State Entrance Exam)
- COMEDK UGET 2019 Exam (Consortium of Medical, Engineering and Dental Colleges of Karnataka)
- KCET 2018 Exam (Karnataka Common Entrance Test)
- MHT-CET Exam 2018 (Maharashtra Common Entrance Test)
NOTE: After clearing any of the entrance exams mentioned above, the students attend the counselling. In the counselling process, students are required to choose their preferred college and discipline.
Top Engineering Colleges in India
Here’s the list of top 10 Engineering colleges in India: -
- Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Chennai
- Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Bombay
- Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi
- Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur
- Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kanpur
- Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Roorkee
- Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS Pilani)
- National Institute of Technology (NIT), Surathkal
- National Institute of Technology (NIT), Tiruchirappalli
- National Institute of Technology (NIT), Rourkela
Best Engineering Disciplines/ Branches
- Computer Science and Engineering (CSE)
- Civil Engineering
- Electronics and Communications Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Chemical Engineering
- Electrical Engineering
- Textile Engineering
- Petroleum Engineering
- Aeronautical Engineering
Let's discuss the disciplines mentioned above in details.
Computer Science and Engineering (CSE)
With an extraordinary rise in the IT industry, the demand for computer science experts or software engineers has also increased. This course includes - Learning Programming Languages, Coding, Database Management, Project Management and other Software know how. Choosing CSE opens various job opportunities for students.
Students learn the Science of Construction in this course. They get to learn about designing and maintenance of physical structures such as roads, buildings, bridges, dams, airports, and canals. A career in this field turns out satisfying for students as they can see the result of their work in the form of a tall building, a hydroelectric dam or well-constructed highways.
Electronics and Communications Engineering
Electronics and Communications Engineering is the study of electronic and communication equipment such as receivers, transmitters, integrated circuits, radio, mobile phones etc. In this course, students get to learn about the concepts related to analysis and maintenance of various equipment.
Mechanical Engineering includes designing, producing and operating machinery. India, as a country consists of various heavy-manufacturing industries thus the demand for mechanical engineers, is always high. The benefits of choosing this field are – massive exposure, a tremendous amount of learning, and a high salary.
Chemical Engineering is the art of combining chemistry knowledge with physics, maths, and economics to solve practical problems in the processing industry. In this course, students learn how to design, construct and operate plants and equipment which are in use in chemical industries.
With Electrical engineering, students develop an understanding of electricity and electronics. They learn to deal with transmission lines, power generation, and heavy electric motors. This field of engineering is remarkably exciting one of the fastest growing areas.
Combining the principles of engineering with the knowledge of textile equipment and processes is known as Textile Engineering. In this course, students learn about the techniques that are used to develop and produce textile fabrics, apparels, and other products.
Petroleum Engineering deals with the understanding, production, and exploration of natural gas and crude oil. The job of a petroleum engineer is to find new ways to extract oil and gas from underground reserves and deposits. The engineers in this branch are further divided and are called as reservoir engineers, drilling engineers, and production engineers.
Aeronautical Engineering involves the study of design and mechanism of aircraft and spacecraft. In this course, students develop an understanding of the materials used to build aircraft, the process of assembling various parts, testing, navigation, and other maintenance jobs. The job of an aeronautical engineer is to ensure safe in-flight operations.
Jobs and Career
There is a huge demand for engineers in India as well as abroad. Students from different disciplines of engineering can find jobs in areas like; designing, production, maintenance, construction, testing, and research & development.
The most suitable industries for them are: -
- Automotive Industry
- Electronics Industry
- Retail Industry
- I.T Industry
- Government and Defence Industry
- Power Generation Industry
- Rail Industry
- Marine Industry
- Utility Industry
Engineering as a profession offers great salary packages. The pay package depends on various factors such as - qualification, internships and work experience.
Freshers from reputed institutions can expect packages that range between 4 lakhs to 7 lakhs per annum or even more. The general salary package for engineers in India is 2.5 lakhs to 4.5 lakhs per year.
Whereas in abroad, the yearly pay packages are $80,000 - $100,000.
Some of the renowned companies that hire and value engineers are: -
- Indian Oil Corporation
- Tata Motors
- Indian Airlines
- Bombay Dyeing
- Reliance Industries