Chemistry Syllabus For The JEE Advanced 2018 Exam

Published on : 28th January 2019    Author : Tanvi Mittal
IIT JEE Advanced Exam

Aspirants of JEE Advanced find Chemistry as an interesting subject to read. It is relatively easier to build concepts in Chemistry as compared to other subjects. When it comes to scoring, Chemistry proves to be a little tedious. To ensure students fetch a good score in the said subject in JEE Advanced 2019, here we provide detailed JEE Advanced 2019 Chemistry syllabus.

Complete JEE Advanced Syllabus Chemistry 2019

The Chemistry syllabus is broadly divided into 3 sections - Physical Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry and Organic Chemistry.

Physical Chemistry –

Chapters

Topics

Surface Chemistry

Colloids:  types, methods   of   preparation   and   general   properties

Elementary  concepts  of  adsorption  (excluding  adsorption  isotherms)

Elementary   ideas   of   emulsions, surfactants and micelles (only definitions and examples)

Nuclear Chemistry

Radioactivity: isotopes and isobars

Stability of nuclei with respect to proton-neutron ratio

Properties of α, β and γ rays; Kinetics of radioactive decay (decay series excluded), carbon dating

Brief discussion on fission and fusion reactions

General Topics

Concept  of  atoms  and  molecules

Mole  concept

Dalton’s  atomic  theory

Chemical formulae

Calculations (based on mole concept) involving common oxidation-reduction, neutralisation, and displacement reactions

Concentration in terms of mole fraction, molarity, molality and normality

Balanced chemical equations

Gaseous and Liquid States

Kinetic theory of gases, average, root mean square and most probable velocities and their relation with temperature

Absolute scale of temperature, ideal gas equation; Deviation from ideality, van der Waals equation

Vapour pressure

Law of partial pressures

Diffusion of gases

Atomic Structure and Chemical Bonding

Wave-particle duality, de Broglie  hypothesis

Bohr model, spectrum of hydrogen atom, quantum numbers

Uncertainty  principle

Aufbau principle

Electronic configurations of elements (up to atomic number 36)

Qualitative  quantum  mechanical  picture  of hydrogen atom, shapes of s, p and d orbitals

  Hybridisation  involving s, p and d orbitals only

Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule

Hydrogen bond

Orbital  overlap  and  covalent  bond

VSEPR  model  and  shapes  of molecules  (linear,  angular,  triangular,  square  planar,  pyramidal,  square  pyramidal, trigonalbipyramidal, tetrahedral and octahedral)

Orbital energy diagrams for homonuclear diatomic species

Polarity in molecules,  dipole  moment  (qualitative  aspects  only)

Energetics

Internal  energy,  work  and  heat,  pressure-volume  work

First  law  of  thermodynamics

Second  law  of thermodynamics

Enthalpy,  Hess’s  law

Entropy

Heat  of  reaction,  fusion  and  vapourization

Criterion of spontaneity

Free energy

Chemistry Equilibrium

Law   of   mass  action

Solubility product, common ion effect, pH and buffer solutions

Equilibrium  constant,  Le  Chatelier’s  principle  (effect  of concentration,  temperature  and  pressure

Hydrolysis of salts

Significance  of  ΔG  and  ΔG0in  chemical equilibrium

 

Acids and bases (Bronsted and Lewis concepts)

Electrochemistry

Standard electrode potentials

Electrochemical cells and cell reactions

Electrochemical series, emfof galvanic cells

Nernst equation and its relation to ΔG

Electrolytic  conductance,  specific,  equivalent  and  molar  conductivity, Kohlrausch’s law

Faraday’s laws of electrolysis

Concentration cells

Chemical Kinetics

Rate  constant

Rates  of  chemical  reactions

First  order reactions

Order  of  reactions

Temperature dependence of rate constant (Arrhenius equation)

Solid State

Nearest neighbours, ionic radii, simple ionic compounds, point defects

Classification of solids, crystalline state, seven crystal systems (cell parameters a, b, c, α, β, γ), close packed structure of solids (cubic), packing in fcc, bcc and hcp lattices

Solutions

Molecular  weight  determination  from  lowering  of  vapour  pressure, elevation of boiling point and depression of freezing point

Raoult’s  law

Inorganic Chemistry –

Chapters

Topics

Isolation/ Preparation and Properties (non-metals)

Properties  of allotropes of carbon (only diamond and graphite), phosphorus and sulphur

Boron,  silicon,  nitrogen,  phosphorus,  oxygen,  sulphur  and  halogens

Preparation and Properties of the following compounds

Boron:  diborane,  boric  acid  and  borax

Oxides,  peroxides,  hydroxides,  carbonates,  bicarbonates,  chlorides  and  sulphates  of sodium,  potassium,  magnesium  and  calcium

Carbon:  oxides  and  oxyacid (carbonic  acid)

Aluminium:  alumina,  aluminium  chloride  and  alums

Silicon:  silicones,  silicates  and  silicon  carbide

Oxygen:  ozone  and  hydrogen  peroxide

Phosphorus:  oxides,  oxyacids  (phosphorus  acid,  phosphoric acid)  and  phosphine

Nitrogen:  oxides, oxyacids  and  ammonia

Halogens: hydrohalic acids, oxides and oxyacids of chlorine, bleaching powder; Xenon fluorides

 

Sulphur:  hydrogen sulphide,  oxides,  sulphurous  acid,  sulphuric  acid  and  sodium thiosulphate

Transition Elements (3 D Series)

Coordination compounds: nomenclature of  mononuclear coordination compounds, cis-trans   and   ionisation   isomerisms,   hybridization and   geometries   of   mononuclear coordination compounds (linear, tetrahedral, square planar and octahedral)

Definition, general characteristics, oxidation states and their stabilities, colour (excluding the  details  of  electronic  transitions)  and  calculation  of  spin-only  magnetic  moment

Preparation and Properties of the following Compounds

Potassium permanganate, potassium dichromate, silver oxide, silver nitrate, silver thiosulphate

Oxides and chlorides of tin and lead; Oxides, chlorides and sulphates of Fe2+, Cu2+and Zn2+

Ores and Minerals

Commonly occurring ores and minerals of iron, copper, tin, lead, magnesium, aluminium, zinc and silver

Principles of Qualitative Analysis

Nitrate, halides (excluding fluoride), sulphate and sulphide

Groups I to V (only Ag+, Hg2+, Cu2+, Pb2+, Bi3+, Fe3+, Cr3+,  Al3+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Zn2+, Mn2+and Mg2+)

Extractive Metallurgy

Chemical principles  and  reactions  only  (industrial  details  excluded)

Self  reduction  method  (copper  and lead)

Cyanide process (silver and gold)

Electrolytic reduction method (magnesium and aluminium)

Carbon  reduction method  (iron  and  tin)

Organic Chemistry –

Chapters

Topics

Concepts

Hybridisation of carbon

Structural and  geometrical  isomerism

Conformations of ethane and butane (Newman projections)

σ and π-bonds

IUPAC  nomenclature  of simple  organic  compounds  (only  hydrocarbons,  mono-functional  and  bi-functional compounds)

Optical  isomerism  of  compounds  containing  up  to  two asymmetric  centres,  (R,S  and  E,Z  nomenclature  excluded

Shapes of simple organic molecules

Determination  of  empirical  and  molecular formulae of simple compounds (only combustion method)

Keto-enoltautomerism

Inductive and resonance  effects  on  acidity  and  basicity  of  organic  acids  and  bases

Resonance and hyperconjugation

Hydrogen bonds: definition and their effects on physical properties of alcohols and carboxylic acids

Reactive intermediates produced during homolytic and heterolytic bond cleavage

Polarity  and inductive effects in alkyl halides

Formation, structure and stability of carbocations, carbanions and free radicals

Preparation, Properties and Reactions of Alkanes

Homologous  series,  physical  properties  of  alkanes  (melting  points,  boiling  points  and density)

Preparation  of  alkanes  by  Wurtz reaction and decarboxylation reactions

Combustion  and  halogenation  of  alkanes

Preparation, Properties and Reactions of Alkenes and Alkynes

Physical properties of alkenes and alkynes (boilingpoints, density and dipole moments)

Reactions  of  alkenes  with  KMnO4and ozone

Acidity  of  alkynes

Reduction  of  alkenes  and  alkynes

Acid  catalysed  hydration  of  alkenes  and  alkynes  (excluding  the stereochemistry  of  addition  and  elimination)

Electrophilic addition reactions of alkenes with X2, HX, HOX and H2O (X=halogen)

Preparation of  alkenes  and  alkynes  by elimination reactions

Metal acetylides

Addition reactions of alkynes

Reactions of Benzene

Electrophilic  substitution reactions:  halogenation,  nitration, sulphonation,  Friedel-Crafts  alkylation  and  acylation

Structure  and  aromaticity

Effect  of o-, m-and p-directing groups in monosubstituted benzenes

Phenols

Reimer-Tieman reaction, Kolbe reaction

Acidity,  electrophilic  substitution  reactions  (halogenation,  nitration  and  sulphonation)

Characteristic Reactions of the following (including those mentioned above)

Alcohols: esterification, dehydration and oxidation, reaction  with  sodium,  phosphorus  halides,  ZnCl2/concentrated  HCl,  conversion  of alcohols into aldehydes and ketones

Alkyl   halides:   rearrangement   reactions   of   alkyl   carbocation,   Grignard   reactions,  nucleophilic substitution reactions

Aldol condensation, Perkin reaction

Aldehydes  and  Ketones:  oxidation,  reduction,  oxime  and hydrazone  formation

Ethers: Preparation by Williamson’s  Synthesis

Amines:  basicity of  substituted  anilines  and aliphatic  amines,  preparation  from  nitro  compounds,  reaction  with  nitrous  acid,  azo coupling reaction of diazonium salts of aromatic amines, Sandmeyer and related reactions of diazonium salts

Cannizzaro reaction

Carbylamine reaction

Haloform reaction and nucleophilic addition  reactions  (Grignard  addition)

Haloarenes: nucleophilic aromatic substitution in  haloarenes  and  substituted  haloarenes  (excluding  Benzyne  mechanism  and  Cine substitution)

Carboxylic  acids:  formation  of  esters,  acid chlorides  and  amides,  ester  hydrolysis

Carbohydrates

Classification

Oxidation,  reduction, glycoside formation and hydrolysis of sucrose

Mono-and  di-saccharides  (glucose  and  sucrose

Amino Acids and Peptides

General structure (only primary structure for peptides) and physical properties

Practical Organic Chemistry

Detection  and  identification  of  the  following functional  groups:  hydroxyl  (alcoholic  and  phenolic),  carbonyl  (aldehyde  and  ketone), carboxyl, amino and nitro

Detection  of  elements  (N,  S,  halogens)

Chemical methods of separation of mono-functional organiccompounds from binary mixtures

Properties and Uses of some important polymers

Natural rubber, cellulose, nylon, teflon and PVC

Section-wise distribution of marks in Chemistry of JEE (Advanced) 2018

jee advanced exam

Name of the Section

Approximate marks distribution

Organic Chemistry

45

Inorganic Chemistry

35

Physical Chemistry

40

Topic –wise distribution of marks in the Chemistry Syllabus of JEE (Advanced) 2018

S. No.

Name of the Section

Name of the Topics

Approximate marks per Topic

1.

Organic Chemistry

Amines

10 -11

General Organic Chemistry

8-9

Bio-molecules

3-4

Stereoisomerism

5-6

Polymers

7-8

Aromatic Compounds

6-7

Carbonyl Compounds

3 -4

Total

45 marks.

2.

Inorganic Chemistry

P- Block Elements

11

Chemical Bonding

08

Metallurgy

04

Co-ordination Compounds

06

Qualitative Analysis

08

Total

36

3.

Physical Chemistry

Chemical Equilibrium

5- 6

Gaseous State

2-3

Chemical Kinetics

8-9

Mole Concept

8-9

Surface Chemistry

2-3

Solid State

4-5

Solution and Colligative Properties

3-4

Atomic Structure and Nuclear Chemistry

2-3

Electrochemistry

3-4

Total

43

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Some of the most important topics with marks weightage of around 10% are – Amines, General Organic Chemistry, Polymers, P-Block elements, Qualitative Analysis, Mole concept, and Chemical Kinetics.


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