UPSC CDS (I) & (II) 2021 - Exam Notification, Application Form, Syllabus, Dates, Admit Card & Results

CDS Exam

CDS (Combined Defense Services) is the common entrance exam to recruit unmarried male and female (including widows and divorcees who haven’t remarried) candidates in all the three spheres of the Indian defence services, i.e. Indian Military, Navy, and Air Force. As per the official notification, for Air Force Academy, “Married candidates above 25 years of age are eligible to apply but during training period they will neither be provided married accommodation nor can they live with family out of the premises.” The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is entrusted with the responsibility to conduct the CDS exam at all India level.

The CDS Exam is held twice a year in February and November for which the official notification is published in October and August respectively.

CDS 2021 Latest Update: 

The CDS (I) 2021 exam has been successfully conducted on 7th February 2021. The result of the exam is yet to be announced. Those who will qualify the written exam will be called for the SSB (Service Selection Board) interview.

The CDS (II) examination 2021 is scheduled to be held on 14th November 2021. The notification for the same will be released on 4th August 2021 and the last date for filling the application form is 24th August 2021.

UPSC CDS II was conducted for admission to the 151st (DE) Course of Indian Military Academy, Dehradun; Indian Naval Academy, Ezhimala, Kerala and Air Force Academy, Hyderabad (Pre-Flying) Training Course i.e. No. 208F(P) Course.

CDS Exam Previous Years Solved Papers - Download Now

CDS Training Academies

Meritorious candidates who aim to serve the country by joining the defence can go for the CDS examination. To apply online for the CDS 2021 examination, one should meet up the eligibility requirements set by the Commission. The candidates will be selected based on their performance in the written examination followed by an interview for intelligence and personality test. The selected candidates undergo rigorous training at the respected Indian Military Academy, Naval Academy, Air Force Academy, and Officer Training Academy (OTA) based on the preference and merit. Find the details of the respective academies:

Name of the Academy

City

Indian Naval Academy

Ezhimala

Indian Military Academy

Dehradun

Air Force Academy

Hyderabad

Officers Training Academy (SSC Women)

Chennai

Officers Training Academy (SSC Men)

Chennai

CDS Exam Quick Overview

Name of the Exam

CDS (Combined Defense Services)

Conducting Authority

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)

Official Website

https://upsc.gov.in

Exam Occurrence

Twice in a year (Feb and Nov)

Number of Vacancies

345

Application Fee

₹ 200

Admit Card availability

Online

Paper Language

Hindi and English

Mode of Exam

Offline (Pen and paper mode)

Selection Process

Written test and SSB interview

Exam Type

National Level

Age Limit

Minimum Age- 19 Years

Maximum Age- 25 Years

Date of Exam for UPSC CDS I 2021

7th February 2021

Date of Exam for UPSC CDS II 2021

14th November 2021

CDS Notification 2021 – Check Official CDS Notification

The Union Public Service Commission, UPSC releases the CDS notification twice a year in October and August. This time, UPSC has released CDS (1) 2021 notification for a total of 345 vacancies. Along with the notification, CDS (1) 2021 application forms were also released. The application process continued till 6 pm on 17th November 2020. The Pay by Cash mode of fee payment was deactivated on 16th November 2020. Candidates were to pay the application fees online till 17th November 2020. CDS 1 application form 2021 withdrawal link was available from 24th to 30th November 2020. The written exam of CDS 1 2021 was conducted on 07th February 2021. CDS 1 notification is available in PDF form and contains information related to the exam.

The commission will release the CDS II notification 2021 on 04th August 2021. Candidates, who want to apply for the exam, need to wait for the official notice of application. The exam for CDS 2 is going to be held on 14th November 2021 as per the officials.

CDS 2021 Notification - Quick Question and Answers

Q. What details can I check in the CDS recruitment notification?

CDS notification will have all the information related to the exam such as important dates, eligibility, the application process, exam pattern, syllabus, etc.

Q. Who will release the CDS notification and when?

UPSC will release the official CDS notification to select candidates for the Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy, Air Force Academy, and Officers Training Academy. The CDS II exam notification will be released on 04th August 2021.

Q. How to check the CDS notification?

Visit the official website of UPSC and go to the latest notice section. Or you can visit ExamsPlanner to stay updated related to the exam releases.

Q. How many times CDS notification is released?

CDS notification is released two times a year i.e. February and November.

Read this Exam in Hindi - Click Here


Available Application Forms

CDS Exam 2021 Important Dates

The Combined Defence Services exam is conducted twice a year in the month of February and November for selection of eligible candidates for courses offered at the Indian Military Academy, Naval Academy, Air Force Academy, and Officer Training Academy. Here are the important dates for various exam events:

About the Exam

CDS I 2021 Exam

CDS II 2021 Exam

Date of CDS Exam 2021

07th February 2021

14th November 2021

CDS Exam Application Form release date

28th October 2020

04th August 2021

Closing date for submission of Applications form

17th November 2020

17th November 2021

Admit Card Issuance date

3 weeks before the exam

To be announced

CDS Exam Result Declaration

To be announced

To be announced

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CDS Exam 2020 Important Dates

About the Exam

CDS I 2020 Exam

CDS II 2020 Exam

Date of CDS Exam 2020

2nd February 2020

8th November 2020

CDS Exam Application Form release date

30th October 2019

5th August 2020

Closing date for submission of Applications form

19th November 2019 (6:00 PM)

25th August 2020

Admit Card Issuance date

9th January 2020

15th October 2020

CDS Exam Result Declaration

23rd March 2020 (Announced)

16th December 2020

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Timings of CDS (II) Exam

Paper

Exam Timings

English

09.00 am to 11.00 am

General Knowledge

12.00 pm to 02.00 pm

Elementary Mathematics

03.00 pm to 05.00 pm

CDS 2021 Exam Vacancy Details

There will be a total of 345 vacancies released under the CDS 2021 recruitment notification. However, candidates must note that the number of vacancies in the notification is tentative and may be changed at any stage by Services. Have a look at the following vacancy details:

UPSC CDS (I) 2020 Vacancies

Academy

Course

Reserved for NCC Vacancies

Total Available Vacancies

Indian Naval Academy, Ezhimala

Course commencing in Jan 2021 Executive (General Service)/ Hydro

06

45

Indian Military Academy, Dehradun

150th (DE) course commencing in January 2021

13

100

Officers Training Academy, Chennai

113th SSC (Men) Course (NT) commencing in April 2021

50

225

Air Force Academy, Hyderabad

(Pre-Flying) Training Course commencing in January 2021

03

32

Officers Training Academy, Chennai

27th SSC Women (Non-Technical) Course commencing in April 2021

Nil

16

Total

 

72

418

 

UPSC CDS (II) 2021 Vacancies

Academy

Total Available Vacancies

Indian Naval Academy, Ezhimala

26 Vacancies

Indian Military Academy, Dehradun

100 Vacancies

Officers Training Academy, Chennai

170 Vacancies

Air Force Academy, Hyderabad

32 Vacancies

Officers Training Academy, Chennai

17 Vacancies

 

CDS 2021 Vacancies - Quick Question and Answers

Q. How I can check the available vacancies criteria of CDS exam?

To check the available vacancies, you can visit the official website of UPSC and click on the relevant tab to get all the details.

Q. I live in Hyderabad and want to apply for IMA Dehradun, so is it possible?

Yes, you can apply without any issue.

Q. How many vacancies are released for CDS 1 and CDS 2, 2021?

For CDS 1 it's almost 345, while for CDS 2 exam, the vacancies are yet to be announced.


CDS Exam Previous Years Solved Papers

CDS Exam 2021 Pattern & Syllabus

The complete CDS Exam pattern 2021 is divided into two sections –Written Test and SSB Interview. Check the details below:

CDS 2021 Exam Pattern for Written Exam

The offline written exam for IMA, INA and AFA 2021 comprises three sections: English, General Knowledge and Elementary Mathematics. While, on the other hand, the test paper for admission to OTA comprises two sections: English and General Knowledge. Total exam duration for IMA, INA and AFA is 6 hours (each section is for 2 hours); while for OTA it is 4 hours (with section for 2 hours). Total marks of the IMA, INA and AFA test are 300 while it is 200 for OTA. The test paper will consist of objective type (Multiple Choice Questions) only. The standard of the topics in CDS syllabus 2021 for Elementary Mathematics will be based on Class 10 level, while the standard of papers for other subjects will be of graduation level.

Here is the detailed information on the CDS written exam pattern. The exam patterns for the Officers Training Academy and other military academies are different. Check out the exam pattern here:

CDS 2021 Exam Pattern for Indian Navy, Military and Air Force –

Subject

Marks

Duration

Nature of question

General Awareness

100

2 hours

Objective type questions

English

100

2 hours

Objective type questions

Mathematics

100

2 hours

Objective type questions

Total

300

 

 

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CDS 2021 Exam Pattern for Officer Training Academy (OTA) -

Subject

Marks

Duration

Nature of question

General Awareness

100

2 hours

Objective type questions

English

100

2 hours

Objective type questions

Total

200

 

 

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Things to Consider while solving CDS Exam Previous Years Question Papers - Click Here 

CDS Exam 2021 Marking Scheme

There is a scheme of negative marking in the exam. Find the comprehensive marking scheme details here:

  1. Each question in CDS (I) & (II) exam carries 4 options, out of which only one option will be correct.
  2. For every incorrect answer, 1/3rd of the marks assigned to the question are deducted for the wrong answer.
  3. Candidates marking more than one option will be treated as incorrect and thus 1/3rd mark will be deducted.
  4. If a question is left unanswered, then no penalty will be charged for the unanswered questions.

Section-wise Marking Scheme for CDS 2021 examination:

Specifications

GK

English

Mathematics

Maximum Marks

100

100

100

Marks for every correct answer

+1 marks will be given for each correct option

+1 marks will be given for each correct option

+1 marks will be given for each correct option

Negative marking

-0.33 marks will be deducted for each wrong answer

-0.33 marks will be deducted for each wrong answer

-0.33 marks will be deducted for each wrong answer

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CDS 2021 Exam Pattern for SSB Interview

The SSB Interview for INA, IMA, and AFA is for 300 marks each while for OTA it is 200. The SSB Interview process consists of two stages: I and II. Those candidates who qualify the stage I will be allowed to appear in stage II. The details of both the interview stages are as follows:

  • Stage I comprises questions based on the Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) tests and Picture Perception Description Test (PP&DT). 
  • Stage II comprises of Interview round, Group Testing Officer Tasks, Psychology Tests and Conference. These tests are conducted for over 4 days.

CDS 2021 Exam Pattern - Quick Question and Answers

Q. How much marks will be deducted if I give more than 1 incorrect answer?

For every incorrect answer, you will lose 1/3rd of the given marks.

Q. What will be the language of the CDS question paper?

The exam paper will be asked in English and Hindi medium.

Q. CDS exam is conducted in which mode?

The exam is conducted via offline mode only.

Q. How many questions are asked in the exam?

The total number of questions are as follows – English (100 questions), Maths (100 questions), GK (100 questions).

Q. What is the overall duration of the CDS 2021 exam?

Each section of the exam is conducted for 2 hours of duration.

 

CDS Exam Syllabus 2021

The syllabus for CDS exam is prescribed by UPSC in the official notification. The written exam comprises of questions from English, General Knowledge, and Mathematics topics. The SSB stage comprises of Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) tests and Picture Perception Description Tests (PP&DT). Psychology tests, group tasks, conference, and interview are also included in the SSB round.

The major topics of CDS syllabus are described in the form of the table:

 Major Subjects

Important Topics

General Knowledge

Economics, General Awareness, Physics, History, Politics, Geography, Sociology, etc.

Elementary Mathematics

Arithmetic, Trigonometry, Algebra, Geometry, Statistics, Mensuration, etc.

English

The question paper is designed to test the candidates’ understanding of English and Grammar.

Get Complete Syllabus for CDS 2021 Exam in EnglishClick Here

Get Complete Syllabus for CDS 2021 Exam in Hindi – Click Here

CDS Syllabus 2021 - Quick Question and Answers

Q. What is the level of CDS exam syllabus?

The level of the exam syllabus is of class 10th and graduation level.

Q. What is CDS syllabus 2021?

The complete syllabus of the exam is divided into topics and sub-topics from English, General Knowledge, and Elementary Mathematics.

Q. Does CDS syllabus changes every year?

No, it remains the same every year, as it is prescribed by the UPSC.

Q. Can I get the complete CDS 2 syllabus?

Yes, you can. Click on the given link mentioning above on this page.

 

CDS Exam Analysis 2021 –

UPSC CDS (I) written exam was held on 7th February 2021. The overall difficulty level of the recruitment exam was moderate to difficult. However, the English and General Knowledge sections were easy to moderate and the Elementary Mathematics section was difficult. Here we are going to provide Through CDS exam analysis that can help candidates can know the section-wise difficulty level, topic-wise distribution of questions, questions asked in the exam, and expected cut-off.

UPSC conducts Combined Defence Services exam for admission to Indian Military Academy, Air Force Academy, Indian Naval Academy, and Officers Training Academy through this recruitment exam. Candidates who seek recruitment in IMA, INA and AFA courses, attempted questions from all three sections, which is GK, English and Elementary Maths, while candidates seeking recruitment in OTA courses attempted questions from only two sections English and General Knowledge.

Look at the table to understand the overall CDS exam analysis:

Available Sections

Total Number of Questions

Level of Difficulty

English Language

120

Easy to Moderate

General Knowledge

120

Easy to Moderate

Elementary Mathematics

100

Difficult to Solve

Total

340

Moderate to Difficult

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Subject-wise CDS 2021 Exam Analysis

Scroll down the page, to know the subject-wise CDS exam analysis.

CDS (I) 2021 Exam Analysis for General Knowledge

In this section, the questions majorly asked from history, current affairs, economics, geography, science, polity, etc.

Topics

Total Number of Questions

Difficulty Level

History

18

Moderate

Biology

09

Moderate to Difficult

Polity   

13

Moderate

Physics 

08

Moderate 

Current Affairs

20

Easy to Moderate

Geography    

17

Moderate to Difficult

Chemistry  

10

Moderate

Economy

14

Moderate

Static GK

11

Easy to Moderate

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CDS (I) 2021 Exam Analysis for Elementary Maths

The maths subject was conducted for 100 marks. All the questions asked from the exam were Algebra, Geometry, Trigonometry, Mensuration, Simplification, Ratio & Proportion, Profit & Loss, Average, etc.

Topics

Total Number of Questions

Difficulty Level

Number System

20

Easy 

Time, Speed and Distance

06

Moderate

Mensuration    

15

Moderate

Geometry

11

Moderate to Difficult

Algebra    

10

Moderate to Difficult

Simple Interest/Compound interest    

02

Easy

Time and Work    

05

Moderate

Percentage    

04

Moderate

Mixture

01

Moderate

DI & DS

03

Moderate

Ratio & Proportion    

02

Easy

Profit/Loss

01

Moderate

Trigonometry    

12

Moderate

Statistics

08

Easy

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CDS (I) 2021 Exam Analysis for English

The questions asked in this section judged a candidate's understanding of the language. The questions in the English subject were usually asked from spotting errors, idioms & phrases, antonyms, fillers, synonyms, and cloze test, etc.

Topics

Total Number of Questions

Difficulty Level

Parts of Speech

10

Easy

Spelling Mistakes

10

Easy

Ordering of Sentence

10

Moderate

Synonyms

10

Difficult

Antonyms

10

Difficult

Fill in the Blanks

10

Moderate

Ordering of Words in a Sentence

10

Easy to Moderate

Idioms and Phrases

10

Difficult

Comprehension 

2 Passages 

Moderate to Difficult

Spotting Errors

10

Easy

Synonyms

10

Moderate

Spelling mistakes

10

Easy

Transformation of sentences

10

Moderate to Difficult

Reported speech

10

Difficult

Antonyms

10

Moderate

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CDS Exam Analysis 2021 - Quick Question and Answers

Q. How does exam analysis help candidates?

By accessing the exam analysis generated by the experts, users will get to know the level of exam set by the UPSC for the particular year.

Q. Is it important to check the exam analysis before the exam?

Yes, candidates who are appearing for CDS 2 2020 must go through the CDS 1 exam analysis, as it will help them to see the difficulty level of exam.

Q. Is CDS exam the toughest nut to crack?

In terms of difficulty level, the exam paper remains moderate to difficult. Go through the above-mentioned section to know more.

 



CDS Exam 2021 Eligibility

As discussed above, the CDS exam is conducted twice a year. The eligibility conditions related to nationality and education are similar for both the exams. However, there is a difference in the dates of age limits. Here are the eligibility conditions for both the exams:

Nationality Criteria for CDS Exam

  • A candidate should be an Indian citizen.
  • The candidate from Nepal, Bhutan, Refugee of Tibet who has migrated to India before 1962; and People of Indian origin who have migrated from Burma, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and East African countries are also eligible to apply for the exam, provided, they have a certificate issued in their favour from the government of India. This certificate is not required in case of Gorkha subjects.

Note: Candidates belonging to countries like Nepal, Bhutan, Refugee of Tibet, or a migrated person from Burma, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and East African countries must have an authorative certificate of eligibility that has been issued by the Government of India. However, in certain cases Certificate of Eligibility will not be considered necessary for those who are Gorkha subjects of Nepal. 

Educational Qualification for CDS Exam

Educational qualifications for different academies of Indian defence services are as follows:

  • For Air Force Academy (AFA) – A graduation degree with Physics and Mathematics at 10+2 level or Bachelor of Engineering (B. Tech) from a recognised University or Institution.
  • For Indian Naval Academy (INA) A candidate should have done Engineering from a recognised University or Institution.
  • For Indian Military Academy (IMA) – A candidate should have obtained a graduate degree from any recognised University or Institution.
  • For Officer Training Academy (OTA) – Candidate should have done graduation in any discipline from a recognised University/Institution.

Those candidates who are appearing in the final year of the qualifying degree are also eligible to apply for the exam. However, such candidates are required to submit the proof of passing the qualifying exam at the time of commencement of course.

Important Note:

  1. Students who are graduated with the first choice as Army/Navy/Air Force are required to submit a proof of graduation provisional certificates on the date of commencement of the SSB Interview at the SSB.
  2. Applicant must be physically fit according to physical standards for admission to UPSC Combined Defence Services Examination (I) & (II), 2020 as per guidelines are given in the official notification.

Age Limit -

Academies

CDS I

CDS II

Not born earlier than

Not born later than

Not born earlier than

Not born later than

Indian Military Academy (IMA)

2nd January 1998

1st January 2003

2nd July 1998

1st July 2003

Indian Naval Academy (INA)

2nd January 1998

1st January 2003

2nd July 1998

1st July 2003

Air Force Academy (AFA)

2nd January 1998

   1st January  2002

2nd July 1998

1st July 2002

Officers Training Academy (OTA)

2nd January 1997

 

1st January 2003

2nd July 1997

 

1st July 2003

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For AFA, the upper age limit is relaxed for candidates possessing valid and current Commercial Pilot License from DGCA up to 26 years i.e. candidates should not be born earlier than 2nd January 1996 and later than 1st January 2002 for CDS I and earlier than 2nd July 1996 and later than 1st July 2002 for CDS II.

Marital Status and Gender Criteria for CDS 2021 Exam

Eligibility for Indian Military Academy -

  • Only Unmarried male candidates are eligible to apply.

Eligibility for Naval Force Academy -

  • Only Unmarried male candidates are eligible to apply.

Eligibility for Air Force Academy -

  • Unmarried male candidates below 25 years of age.
  • Married candidates above 25 years of age are also eligible but such candidates are not allowed to live with their family out of the premises.
  • Candidates are not allowed to marry during their training period.  

Eligibility for Officers Training Academy (SSC for Men) -

  • Unmarried male candidates are eligible to apply.

Eligibility for Officers Training Academy (SSC Women Non-Technical Course) -

  • Unmarried women
  • Issueless widows, not being remarried
  • Issueless divorcees (possessing divorce document), not remarried.

Note: Male divorcee and widower are not treated under the unmarried male category and are not eligible for the Combined Defence Services exam.

Physical Standards

Applicants should note that apart from meeting eligibility criteria mentioned above, they should be both physically and mentally fit in accordance with the guidelines laid by the academy.

Candidates must meet the Physical Standards as stated in Appendix-IV of the official CDS 2021 notification.

CDS 2020 - Roles and Responsibilities for Candidates

  • If you are shortlisted in one of the branches of armed forces then you need to serve for the post for the rest of your life.
  • Apart from the salary, you also get perks and pension and several other benefits that are missing from a private job.
  • Your job profile can be challenging depending upon the type of armed force you join.
  • Hiring in CDS can be very tough and disciplined, so you have to prepare yourself for it.
  • After successful completion of Combined Defence Services (CDS) training, candidates will pass out in the rank of a designated officer and get all the benefits and pay depending on their rank.

CDS Eligibility 2021 - Quick Question and Answers

Q. What is the eligibility criterion for the exam?

The candidate should have done graduation or equivalent degree from any recognised University or Institution.

Q. Does candidates from outside India are eligible to apply?

Yes, candidates from Nepal, Bhutan, Refugee of Tibet who has migrated to India before 1962; and People of Indian origin who have migrated from Burma, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and East African countries are also eligible to apply for the exam.

Q. Who can apply for AFA post?

A candidate should have completed class 12th with Physics and Mathematics or have done Bachelor of Engineering (B.Tech) from a recognized university.

Q. Who can apply for INA and IMA post?

For INA, one should completed Engineering from a recognized university, while for IMA any graduate candidate can apply.

Q. What is minimum age limit required to appear for CDS Exam?

The complete age limit is decided by the commission; go through the age limit section to get complete details.

CDS Exam Selection Procedure

The CDS Exam is conducted in two stages. In the first stage, a written exam is conducted for IMA, INA and Air Force, where candidates need to solve three sections- English, General Knowledge and Elementary Mathematics. The total mark of the test is 300. The offline written exam for Officers’ Training Academy consists of two sections i.e. English and General Knowledge. The total mark of the test is 200. After the written test, a candidate is required to take the SSB interview. The SSB interview is conducted for 3-4 days. During the interview, Psychological test, Group Discussion, Intelligence Test, and Group activities are conducted to test the candidate’s skills. After that, the candidates recommended by the SSB have to undergo a Medical Test conducted by a Board of Service Medical Officers.

Final selection of candidates is done based on their performance in offline written exam and SSB Interview. Shortlisted candidates will have to undergo training at Indian Military Academy, Dehradun, Indian Naval Academy, Ezhimala, Air Force Academy, Hyderabad, Officers’ Training Academy, Chennai.

UPSC CDS Exam 2021 – Best Books to Buy

UPSC CDS is conducted twice in a year for the recruitment of Combined Defense Services. The exam consists of two papers, which is Paper-1 written exam and Paper-2 SSB interview. In both the exams candidates are tested for their ability to solve mathematics and solve questions based on their knowledge and skills. Thus, the preparation for the CDS exam requires the best study material and guide book. The CDS (I) exam is all set to be held on 07th February 2021, while the UPSC CDS (II) exam is going to be held on 14th November 2021.

Recommended Books For CDS Exam 2021 - click here

CDS Preparation Tips & Guide 2021 Exam

The UPSC CDS (II) 2021 exam is all set to be held on 14th November 2020. Good preparation for the exam is must for every candidate to qualify the written examination. Students who are willing to apply for CDS 2020 may take a note that the level of competition to crack the exam is very high and is gradually increasing every year. Every year lakhs of candidates are writing the exam from all over the country and you are competing with them. So, it is important for you to prepare well for the exam and make it to the merit list. Below are some useful preparation tips for the UPSC CDS 2021 exam. Follow the tips sincerely.

  • Know the Exam and Its Syllabus - Candidates aspiring to crack CDS exam must go through the entire exam syllabus and pattern of questions asked in the question paper. This will give them an idea about the important topics covered in the examination syllabus. Take a print out of the CDS syllabus and stick it in front of your study table or desk, so you don’t skip any topic or lesson. While studying according to the syllabus and examination pattern, you should also note down all the topics that you are confident about and those where you lack. Try to focus on weaker areas first and cope up with them as soon as possible to complete your preparation on time.
  • Allocate Study Time - Make an organized time-table for studying that you can follow-up every day without any fault. Yes, you heard it right; you need to make a routine of studying daily at least 10 hours. If you keep gaps between your study modules, you won’t be able to crack the UPSC CDS exam. So, make sure to maintain a time-table that fits with your schedule and try to allocate time as per the difficulty level of subjects/topics.
  • Set Motivation Goals to Follow Success - It is vital to set motivation goals before the preparation schedule, as it will help you to be determined throughout the preparations. Start your preparation with motivational goals, which make you release ‘Why’ you need to clear this exam. Once you get your dream job, all of your answers will be justified.

Tip to Follow: Write down your motivations or goals on a paper and paste it in the direction where it is visible daily. Looking at these goals daily will be beneficial whenever you feel low during the preparation time or think of giving up.

  • Solve Previous Year Papers and Mocks - Many toppers mention this as one of the reason why they had easily crack the exam. Solving previous year papers and mocks help in enhancing the preparation level. Always try to solve question papers on topic wise, so that you have a clear idea about the question paper and marking scheme. Also, make sure to solve topic-related questions at the end of every day. You can also refer to the previous year exam questions or some sample questions for better understanding. Apart from solving papers, taking mocks can help you to complete paper in time.
  • Follow Recommended Books and E-Books- You can also refer to the reference book or study material while preparing for UPSC CDS 2020 exam. This will surely help you in understanding on what to prepare and how. Make sure to continue with the book, which is easy to understand and you don’t find any complication to learn the language.
  • Do Follow Your Short Notes Strategy - Make proper short notes while studying the topics, as it will help you to revise your topics vigorously. Also, consult previous year toppers or coaching centres to get the most relevant study material for your CDS preparation.
  • Understand the Weightage Mechanism and Negative Marking Scheme - Negative marking makes the exam difficult and tricky to crack. There is 1/3rd of negative marking for every question in CDS exam. So, keep in mind the negative marking scheme. Do not make any guesses while answering the paper and try to answer only those questions about which you are sure.
  • Attempt Easier Questions First Them Move to Another – It is important that the candidates should start with easy questions which require less time to complete. This will help them to score qualifying marks. Don’t try of attempting questions in the initial examination hours that you are not confident of as there is negative marking too.

Section-wise UPSC CDS Preparation Tips 2021

The written exam will be held in the main three subjects – English, General Knowledge, and Mathematics. Have a look on the section-wise CDS preparation tips to score qualifying marks.

English

To boost the score in English paper, one must go through these rules of subject.

  • Prepare idioms and phrases thoroughly.
  • Brush up your English Grammar skills.
  • Try to attempt and solve previous year’s question papers to know the exam pattern.
  • Analyze your performance daily by attempting CDS online mock tests.

General Knowledge

  • Try to identify high weightage topics and make sure to analyse the previous years' question papers.
  • Revise important points and from those topics.
  • Revise the current affairs of last 5-6 months.
  • Make a habit of reading newspaper and watch news at least an hour and so, to improve your knowledge. 

Elementary Mathematics

  • Revise important formulas and their application methods for Arithmetic, Algebra, Geometry, Trigonometry, Mensuration and Statistics.
  • Don’t start with new topics rather revise the previous you have studied.

Recommended Books for CDS Exam

CDS Exam 2021 Application Process

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) will release the CDS (II) application form 2021 on 4th August 2021. Interested candidates fill the application form till 24th August 2021. The facility to withdraw the CDS application form will be made available after the closure of the application process. The application fees can be paid both online and offline. The application fees are ₹ 200 for General and OBC male candidates while Female, SC, ST candidates are exempted from fee payment. Read below more details on CDS application form 2021.

Documents Required for CDS Registration Window

Before filling the CDS application form 2021, candidates must keep the following documents ready with them.

  • Class 10th and 12th Marksheet
  • Admit card of Class 10th and 12th
  • One photo-identity proof (Voter Card/ Aadhaar Card/ Driving Licence/ PAN Card/ Passport/ Any other Photo ID Card issued by the State/Central Government)
  • Bank details of the candidate to pay the fees online for CDS 2021.

How to Fill UPSC CDS Application Form 2021?

  • Visit the official website of UPSC - upsconline.nic.in to get the application form. Candidates can only apply for CDS exam through online mode.
  • By clicking on the link mentioned above, candidates will be directed to the application form. Candidates should fill the application form with personal details, address and educational qualifications.
  • Candidates should upload the scanned copies of their recent photograph and signature.
  • They are not required to upload any supporting documents along with the application form like age certificate, reserved category status, educational qualification certificate etc.
  • Candidates should submit only one application form for the exam. However, if due to any reason a candidate submits another application form, then he/ she must know that the application with higher Registration ID will be accepted. The application fee paid for one application form will not be adjusted for another application form. It should be paid additionally by the candidate.

The working candidates in the government sector or Public sector enterprise should inform their head of the department for the exam. Similarly, if a candidate is working in the armed forces, then he should inform his commanding officer about the exam and also obtain permission about it in writing. During the SSB interview, the candidate will be asked to give the proof.

CDS Exam Application Fee

Category of Candidate

Application fee

General category

₹ 200

SC/ST/ and Female

No application fee

Mode of Payment 

  • Candidates can pay their application fee both online as well as offline.
  • Candidates can pay it online by using Net Banking.
  • They can also pay offline by depositing the application fee in cash at any SBI bank branch.

Information related to fee payment

  • Candidates are required to pay the application fee online through SBI Net banking or by cash through SBI bank challan or through credit card/debit card.
  • To pay a fee in cash, candidates should take the printout of challan generated online after completion of registration.
  • Candidates need to go to the nearest SBI branch for depositing fee after 24 hours of generation of challan.
  • Pay by cash mode option is deactivated a day before the exam. However, applicants who have generated their Pay-in-slip before it is de-activated may pay at the counter of SBI Branch during the working hours on the closing date of application.

Specifications Required for Signature and Photograph

Categories

Details

Scanned Image Format

The scanned photograph should be uploaded first in JPG format.

Size of Image

The digital size of the image should not exceed 300 kb and must not be less than 20 kb.

Resolution of the Image

The resolution of the image should be 350 pixels (Width) X 350 pixels (Height) minimum, 1000 pixels (Width) X 1000 pixels (Height) maximum. The bit depth of the image should be 24 bit.

Photo Identity Card

The photo identity card document should be in PDF format. The digital size of the PDF file should not exceed 300 kb and must not be less than 20 kb.

Withdrawal Facility of CDS Application Form

The withdrawal facility is available for candidates who don’t want to appear in the exam. Candidates should go through the instructions before filling up the request of withdrawal.

  • Candidates are informed to provide the CDS registration ID of the registered application. There is no provision applied for the withdrawal of incomplete application forms.
  • Before making requests for withdrawal facility, one must ensure that they have access to their registered mobile number and email ID which was provided at the time of filling the application form.
  • Separate OTPs will be sent to the applicant’s registered mobile number and associated email ID. Requests for application withdrawal will only be processed after validating the receiving OTPs.
  • Once the request for online application withdrawal is accepted, candidates must print the authenticated receipt as a proof of withdrawal process.
  • Another major point need to consider is once the application has been withdrawn by candidates, it cannot be revived.
  • The application fees will not be refunded to candidates during withdrawal process.
  • On successful completion of the application withdrawal procedure, an auto-generated email and SMS will be sent on the candidate’s registered email id and mobile number.

CDS 2021 Application Form - Quick Question and Answers

Q. Can I edit my application form after final submission?

No, you won’t make any changes after final submission of CDS application form. In this case, you are advised to submit a fresh application.

Q. Can I fill the application form in Hindi language?

Yes, the application form is available in both English and Hindi Language.

Q. How to get the refund of the application fee if I have submitted more than one application?

UPSC has no provision to refund the application fees paid by the candidates.

Q. I am unable to upload signature and photo specific what to do now?

Please check the properties of the images and make sure it is prescribed in the given format (mentioned-above).

Q. Do I need to submit the hard copy of CDS application form to officials?

 No, you are not required to send the hard copy of the filled CDS application form to the official.

Q. What is the procedure to complete application fee payment?

There are three options available to pay the examination fee. Candidates can select one of them:

  • Pay by cash in any of the State Bank of India Branches.
  • Through credit/debit card and
  • Pay by Net Banking Facility of SBI.

Other Details

CDS 2020 Exam Admit Card

Candidates can download the CDS admit card or e-admit card online from the official website of www.upsc.gov.in three weeks before the exam. One can obtain their CDS admit card 2021 online by using their login details at the official website. The CDS II exam is scheduled to be conducted on 14th November 2020. The hall ticket comprises information about the exam date, time, centre, and other important instructions. Carrying the hall ticket at the examination centre is necessary.

Download CDS Admit Card 2020 – View These Steps

The downloading steps of online CDS admit card is given below:

  1. To start with, visit the official website of UPSC.
  2. Click on the CDS admit card link available on the home page.
  3. Download it either by using registration number or roll number and then enter the password.
  4. Your CDS 2021 admit card appears on the screen.
  5. Cross-check the details of the admit card and download the admit card. Take a printout of the admit card.

Details Mentioned in CDS Admit Card

The released hall ticket/ admit card of CDS exam 2021 will comprise the following details:

Candidate’s Roll Number

Application Number

Name of the Candidate

Father’s Name

Signature of the Candidate

Scanned Image of Passport size Photograph

Category of the Candidate

Test Center Details

Reporting Time at Exam Venue

Date and Exam Timings

Exam Day Instructions and Guidelines  

 

Technical Instructions for Downloading CDS Admit Card Online

  1. Make sure to use the latest versions of web browser that you are using to download CDS 2020 admit card.
  2. Candidates who haven’t any pc or laptop must go to the nearby cyber café to obtain their admit card, as mobile phones won’t be able to download the CDS admit card.
  3. Be ensuring that the Javascript must be enabled on the browser.
  4. Exam applicants should clear the cache and cookies of their browser if they find any issue in downloading CDS admit card 2020.
  5. In case, you are blocked by the server due to repetitive downloading, they are advised to contact UPSC.

Printed Error in CDS 2021 Admit Card: What to do Next?

After downloading the CDS admit card, candidates are advised to check their name, father’s name, date of birth, category, photograph and signature, etc. printed in the hall ticket carefully. In case, you found any discrepancies in the details, make sure to immediately contact the examination authority. Once you contact UPSC, provide the following details while reporting the issue.

  • Nam of the exam and year
  • Exam registration number
  • Examination Roll number
  • Postal address of the candidate (mention the application number as well)

CDS Admit Card 2021 - Documents to Carry At Examination Center

Candidates are advised to carry the following set of documents while appearing for the CDS exam.

S. No

Important Documents Required

  1.  

Photo-identity proof such as Passport, Driving License, Voter ID, Aadhar card, College/School ID card

  1.  

Hard copy of CDS 2021 admit card

  1.  

Three passport-sized photographs similar like your admit card one

 

UPSC CDS Admit Card - Quick Question and Answers

 Q. How to recover the registration number?

Candidates can recover their registration number by entering their name, father’s name, mother’s name, date of birth, and a captcha code.

Q. I am unable to download the CDS admit card. What should I do next?

Admit card download is best accessible on the latest versions of Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox web browsers. Candidates should not download the CDS 2021 admit card on their mobile or other gadgets.

Q. Will, I receive any hard copy of the admit card?

No, you have to download and take a printout of your admit card by own.

Q. Is there any dress code applicable for appearing in CDS exam?

No, there is no such dress code applicable.

Q. I have submitted my application form for the exam but my admit card is not issued. What to do now?

Well, in such case, you should contact the examination authority and tell them your query regarding the same.

  Q. When will I receive my CDS admit card?

You will receive your admit card three weeks before the commencement of the exam.

Q. Is it essential to carry the admit card to the examination centre?

Yes, it is mandatory to carry the CDS 2021 admit card on the exam day, or else you won’t be allowed to appear in the examination hall.

CDS 2021 Exam Day Instructions To Follow

  • Without a call letter, candidates will not be permitted to enter the examination hall.
  • Candidates need to preserve CDS admit card 2021 till completion of the recruitment process.
  • Reach the examination venue 30 minutes before the commencement of the exam.
  • Any electronic devices such as mobile phones, calculators, pages, etc are not allowed inside the examination hall.
  • Candidates will not be permitted to leave the examination centre until the completion of the exam.

CDS 2021 Expected Cut-Off

The Union Public Service Commission will release the CDS cut off 2021 after the completion of the exam. CDS Cut off 2021 is the minimum qualifying marks that a candidate needs to secure separately in both the exams i.e. written exam and SSB Interview for final selection to Indian Naval Academy (INA), Air Force Academy (AFA), Indian Military Academy (IMA), and Officers’ Training Academy (OTA). Every year the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) issues CDS cut off after the announcement of the final CDS result. The expected cut off is predicted on the basis of the previous years' cut off trend and level of difficulty of the exam. Candidates can find below related information with CDS expected cut off.

How to Check CDS Cut off?

CDS cut off marks will release online on the official website of UPSC. The steps to check and analyse the cutoff of CDS are given below –

  • Explore the official website
  • Once you reach the officials, go to the cutoff section from 'Examination' tab.
  • Click on the relevant link and the course-wise CDS cut off marks are displayed on the screen in PDF format.
  • Download the same and save the file for further usage.

CDS (I) Expected Cut Off 2021

Academy

Written Examination

OTA (Men)

84

OTA (Women)

84

IMA

121

AFA

135

INA

112

CDS (I) 2020 Cut Off -

Academy

Written Examination

Final Selection

OTA (Men)

85

170

OTA (Women)

85

170

IMA

130

255

AFA

150

270

INA

120

245

Scroll left or right to view full table

CDS (I) 2019 Official Cut Off

Academy

Written Examination

Final Selection

OTA (Men)

78

160

OTA (Women)

78

160

IMA

116

242

AFA

129

264

INA

105

233

Scroll left or right to view full table

What Are the Eligible Factors to Determine CDS Cut Off Marks?

The cut-off marks of the Combined Defense Service exam is determined based on the following factors-

  1. Number of available vacancies
  2. Total number of appeared participants
  3. The level of difficulty of the exam

CDS Cut Off - Quick Question and Answers

Q. What is the criterion of sectional cut off in CDS exam?

A. Candidates need to secure minimum qualifying marks as described by the exam conducting authority in each subject. The minimum qualifying marks of CDS vary between 20% to 25%.

Q. When will be the CDS cut off released?

A. The cut off will release right-away after the declaration of the final result.

Q. What are the expected CDS cut off marks?

A. The CDS expected cut off are decided by the experts of the field based on the level of difficulty of the exam. Once the expected cut off released by the experts, the candidates get an idea regarding how much they need to secure in the exam.

Q. What is the difference between actual and expected cut off?

A. Actual cutoff is the one, which is released by the officials, while the expected cutoff is released by the experts of the field.

Q. Are the cut off for written and SSB interview is different?

A. Yes, both cut off’s are different and candidates need to secure the minimum qualifying marks separately in written exam and SSB Interview.

Q. How CDS cut off marks are calculated?

A. The cut off is calculated based on the several factors such as difficulty level of the exam, a number of candidates appeared in the exam, and total vacancies available in a year.

CDS Answer Key 2021

CDS (I) 2021 was conducted on 07th February 2021 in two shifts. CDS 1 answer key 2021 will be available separately for English, Elementary Mathematics and General Knowledge. The answer keys will be available for all sets of test booklets - A, B, C, D. Using CDS I answer key 2021, candidates can compare their responses marked in the exam. They can calculate the probable score based on the number of correct and incorrect responses. The official answer key of CDS I 2021 will be released by UPSC after completion of the recruitment process.

CDS Exam 2021 Answer Key Dates

The CDS 1 2021 exam was performed at multiple selected centres on 7th February 2021.  After the completion of the exam, many experts also release their unofficial answer key to help students to evaluate their scores. Meanwhile, the official answer key for CDS will be released after the recruitment process is complete. Candidates are advised to stay updated with ExamsPlanner and access all the latest news and information of CDS.

How to Download Official CDS Answer Key?

To download the official answers, candidates need to follow the steps below-

  • Open the official website URL i.e. upsc.gov.in.
  • Go to the latest announcement section and click on the CDS answer key link.
  • Enter valid key-in credentials to complete the login procedure.
  • A list of official CDS answer key along with question papers appears in front of you.
  • Download the CDS answer key and save it.

UPSC also facilitates its applicants to challenge the official answer key, if they found their answer is correct. They will require submitting their answer key with proof of documents supporting their answer along with challenging fee. View the steps to challenge the question papers and CDS answer keys.

How to challenge the question papers?

  • Candidates can challenge the official CDS question papers through Online Question Paper Representation Portal (QPRep).
  • For each exam, UPSC has fixed a time-frame of 7 days.
  • To raise objections, candidates need to login to their account by using details like roll number, date of birth and random image.
  • After entering these details, candidates must submit their challenges by tick-mark the questions and submit the answer and the application fee for the same.

CDS Answer Key - Quick Question and Answers 

Q. When will UPSC release the CDS II 2021 Answer Key?

The commission will release the CDS II Answer key 2021 after the recruitment process completes.

Q. Can I access the CDS answer key via offline mode?

No, the answer key for the exam is only available through online mode.

Q. Will the final result be calculated based on the CDS answer key?

Yes, the result will be calculated based on the officially released answer key. UPSC will calculate the scores based on the number of correct answers after applying the penalty for wrong answers.

Q. How do I calculate my scores?

Comparing the available responses, candidates can check and calculate their scores based on the number of correct and incorrect answers they have given in the exam.

Q. Why CDS answer key is important for us?

The CDS answer key is important for us because it helps to compare the responses marked in the exam and calculate the probable score.

CDS Result 2021 – Download UPSC CDS (II) Exam Result

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) will declare the results of the Combined Defence Services Examination (I), 2021 on its official website. Candidates who have appeared in the UPSC CDS Examination (I) 2021 can check their result online at upsc.gov.in. The commission conducted the UPSC CDS Examination (I) 2021 on 07th February 2021, at various centres spread across the country.

Check CDS Result Online – View the Downloading Steps

Candidates need to follow these below-mentioned guidelines to check the scores.

  • Open the official website URL of UPSC.
  • Find the link, which says “CDS Result” on the home page.
  • You will be directed to a new page, where you the result PDF of CDS result.
  • Now, check your roll number through “Control+F” command.
  • At last, download the CDS result PDF and save it for future reference.

CDS Result 2020 – List of Toppers

Here is the list of previous year’s toppers:

IMA

Ranks

Names

AIR 1

Kothawade Pratik Pradeep

AIR 2

Kunal Sharma

AIR 3

Gangandeep Joshi

AFA

Ranks

Names

AIR 1

Anmoldeep Singh

AIR 2

Y B Pawan Kumar

AIR 3

Siddhant Kotnala

INA

Ranks

Names

AIR 1

Kothawade Pratik Pradeep

AIR 2

Kunal Sharma

AIR 3

Anmoldeep Singh

How to check CDS (II) 2021 Final Result?

The steps to check CDS 2021 final results are given below.

  • Visit the official website – upsc.gov.in.
  • Click the result link available on ‘What’s New’ section on the home page
  • In a new page, the PDF file of the result opens
  • Search your name and roll number in the list
  • Download and save the PDF file for future reference

CDS 2021 Exam Marksheet

The marks obtained by the shortlisted candidates will display after the declaration of final CDS result that includes candidate’s name, roll number, date of birth, and total marks obtained in written exam & SSB Interview.

Candidates can download their final mark sheet by following these steps given below:

  • Explore the official website of UPSC.
  • Go to the 'What's New' section and enter your roll number and date of birth.
  • The CDS mark sheet will appear on the screen with all the necessary details.
  • Download the CDS 2021 mark sheet and take its printout.

CDS 2021 Exam Result: Score Calculation Process

The scores of the candidates are calculated based on the following process:

  1. A candidate gets +1 mark for every correct answer in each section of the test.
  2. 1/3rd marks are deducted if he/she selected an incorrect response.
  3. The total score is calculated based on the number of correct and incorrect answers.

CDS Result 2021: Preparation of Merit List

UPSC prepares a list of selected candidates who get the minimum qualifying marks in the written exam decided by the commission norms. Candidates who are declared successful in the written exam are called for intelligence and personality test. After that, they will go for the SSB interview round. One should note that they need to secure separate qualifying marks in both written and SSB Interview.

The final CDS merit list is prepared based on the performance and total marks secured in the written exam and SSB Interview. The selection of the candidate is done based on their merit subjected to medical fitness and the number of posted vacancies.

CDS Result 2021 - Quick Question and Answers

Q. When will I be able to download CDS 2021 result?

CDS (I) 2021 written exam result will be announced soon. The exam was conducted on 7th February 2021.

Q. How can I obtain my CDS result?

The results will be announced via online mode at the official website of UPSC.

Q. What is the time difference between CDS written result and SSB interview?

After the announcement of written exam result, SSB interview will perform within a gap of one or two months.

Q. How can I check my CDS 2021 result, if I lost my examination roll number?

You don’t need to be panicking, the roll number is sent to the candidates after successfully completing the application process. You need to check your mail.

Q. Can I apply for CDS 2 even if I don’t know my CDS 1 result?

Yes, you can apply and fill the CDS 2 application form.

CDS 2021 Exam Centres

CDS 2021 exam centres are prescribed by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The exam centres are located in the cities where the written exam of CDS is conducted. As per the official list of CDS exam centres, it is held across 41 cities spread throughout the country. Candidates need to enter their preferences at the time of filling the CDS application form.

As per the UPSC exam calendar 2021, CDS 1 exam was conducted on February 7, 2021, while CDS 2 will be held on November 14, 2021. Find below the name of the cities where examination centres are located.

CDS Exam Centres 2021

Agartala

Ahmedabad

Panaji (Goa)

Aizawl

Allahabad

Patna

Bengaluru

Bareilly

Port Blair

Bhopal

Chandigarh

Raipur

Chennai

Cuttack

Sambalpur

Dehradun

Delhi

Ranchi

Dharwad

Dispur

Shimla

Gangtok

Hyderabad

Shillong

Imphal

Itanagar

Srinagar

Jaipur

Jammu

Tirupati

Jorhat

Kochi

Thiruvananthapuram

Kohima

Kolkata

Udaipur

Lucknow

Madurai

Vishapatnam

Mumbai

Nagpur

  •  

Scroll left or right to view full table

CDS 2021 Exam Centres – Important Points to Consider

  1. Allotment of CDS exam centres is completed on the first-apply-first-allot basis, so make sure to fill the applications on time.
  2. Once the capacity of a particular CDS exam centre is reached its limit, the allotment process will be frozen and you will be allotted to the next available centre.
  3. Candidates are advised to fill the CDS application form early to get their preferred exam centre.
  4. Once you select the examination centre and filled the application form, you will not be able to generate any request for changes.
  5. You are advised to choose the examination centre carefully without making any mistakes.

 

CDS 2021 Exam FAQs

The Combined Defence Services (CDS) exam is conducted twice a year in February and November. Here are the frequently asked questions related to the exam:

Q. What is the date of CDS II 2021 Exam?

The exam will be conducted on 14th November 2021.

Q. What is the eligibility criterion for the exam?

The candidate should have done graduation or equivalent degree from any recognised University or Institution.

Q. What is the application fee for the CDS exam?

The application fee for general and OBC category candidate is ₹ 200. However, the reserved category and female candidates are exempted from application fee.

Q. What is the salary offered to CDS candidates?

The shortlisted candidates are paid ₹ 56,100 monthly. During training, the stipend to the trainees is ₹ 6000 per month in OTA while ₹ 12,000 per month in IMA, INA and Air Force academies.

Q. For how many times the CDS Exam is conducted in a year?

The CDS Exam is conducted twice in a year. It is conducted in November and February.

Q. How many papers are there for the CDS Exam?

There are three papers in the exam – General awareness, English and Mathematics.

Q. How many attempts are permitted to enrol for CDS exam?

There is no such limit; you can apply as long as you meet the eligibility requirements.


2 Comments

Ankush kumar
June 26, 2019
I am appearing final year in B.Sc course with PCM ,can I eligible for CDS and what type of documents is required
Exams Planner
July 12, 2019
Yes, you can apply for the exam.
Sandhiya.R
February 2, 2019
When will the registration starts for CDS exam on 2019?
Exams Planner
February 13, 2019
For CDS II, the registration process will begin on 12th June 2019.