Mass Communication

Mass Communication - Electronic Media & Broadcasting Journalism Courses, Eligibility and Job Prospects

Last Modified on : 17 Apr 2024

Every day, several events occur around the globe – political, educational, social, religious, natural, etc. And, we get to know about these events sitting in our homes. This is the power of mass communication. It includes presenting information to a large number of recipients at the same time. Journalists collect the information and the course to become a journalist is called journalism. Journalism is an art of gathering, analysing and reporting events. In other words, the term “journalism” refers to news and information.

In this information-driven age, journalists have a very significant role to play. As the number of media houses is cropping up, Journalism is emerging as one of the most preferred career choices among the young generation. Students are looking forward to enrolling in professional courses in this particular field. If you are hard-working, talented, confident and willing to work 24/7, this is the profession designed for you.

Types of Journalism

Journalism is divided into three categories:

  • Print Media
  • Electronic Media
  • Web Media

Newspapers, magazines, journals, digests and news agencies come under Print Media. Print media is the oldest form of mass communication. It has the power of reaching to the remotest audience in their regional languages. It involves more in-depth analysis and reporting. Even with the advent of electronic media, the existence of print media is equally relevant.

News received through television and radio comes under Electronic Media. It is a remarkable step for delivering the news and information even to the illiterates. Unlike the print media, the information here is shared through an audio and visual medium, which strikes the attention immediately.

Web Media is the newly emerging form of journalism. The challenge in web/internet media is to make the news attractive as the web users tend to scan the pages instead of reading them. Eye-catching titles and clean presentation of important points are essential. Web journalists are required to write concisely.

Journalism Courses:

Diploma Programs

A diploma program in journalism is generally of one year of duration. The qualification requirement for a diploma course is 10+2 (any stream). Some colleges also offer diploma programs for post-graduate courses. The eligibility for such courses is a graduation degree.

Graduate Degree

After 10+2, students can also take admission into 3 years bachelor’s degree in Journalism. The three-year degree course is designed to imbibe in students the sense of responsibility towards providing true information to masses and skills to design news. Top institutes conduct entrance exam for admission into bachelor’s programs. Scroll down to find about the entrance exams for journalism.

Post-Graduate Degree

At the post-graduate level, a student can opt for either a diploma course or a degree course. A diploma course is of one year, while a degree course is of two years duration. A master’s program helps in gaining in-depth knowledge of the field and getting an edge in employment opportunities.


Mass Communication Eligibility Criteria -

  • For certificate courses and bachelor’s degree in journalism, a candidate requires passing 10+2 level of education from any stream.
  • For the post-graduate degree, a degree in journalism is the minimum eligibility requirement.

Journalism Entrance Examinations

Indian Institute of Mass Communication (IIMC) Entrance Exam

IIMC is among the top entrance examinations in the country. It is conducted for admissions into various post-graduate diploma courses in Journalism. It is conducted in the month of May.

Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University Common Entrance Test (GGSIPU CET)

The GGSIPU CET is conducted for admission into graduate and post-graduate courses. Candidates with minimum 50% aggregate marks in class 12th are eligible to appear in the exam. The exam is tentatively scheduled for the month of April or May.

Jamia Milia Islamia University, Delhi

The Jamia Milia Islamia’s department A.J.K. Mass Communication Research Centre organises its entrance exam for admission to its full-time post-graduate degree programs. The exam is held in May every year, and students can check the eligibility criteria on the official website.

Delhi University

The B.A. Multi-Media and Mass Communication (BMMMC) course is offered only by I.P. College under the Delhi University. The entrance exam for the course is conducted in two phases. Candidates with a minimum of 55% aggregate marks in class 12th exams are eligible for the exam. The exam is held in June.

Apart from these, students can check out the official website of the institution of their choice to know about the admission procedure.

Top Journalism Colleges -

  • Indian Institute of Mass Communication (IIMC), New Delhi
  • Xavier’s Institute of Communication (XIC), Mumbai
  • National Institute for Media Studies (NIMS), Ahmedabad
  • Asian College of Journalism (ACJ), Bangalore
  • A.J.K. Mass Communication Research Centre (AJKMCRC), New Delhi
  • Symbiosis Institute of Mass Communication (SIMC), Pune
  • Indian Institute of Journalism and New Media (IIJNM), Bangalore
  • Department of Communication and Journalism, Pune
  • Mudra Institute of Communication, Ahmedabad (MICA)
  • Department of Journalism and Mass Communication, BHU
  • Bharati Vidya Bhavan’s Sardar Patel College of Communication and Management, Delhi

Job Opportunities in Print Media -

  • Reporter
  • Featured Writer
  • Proof Reader
  • Editor
  • Columnist
  • Cartoonist

Job Opportunities in Electronic Media -

  • Researcher
  • Broadcast Reporter
  • Presenters
  • Job Profile