# UPSEE 2020 Exam - Complete Syllabus for Paper-2 Physics, Chemistry, and Biology Sections

Candidates who are interested in taking admission to B.Tech. (Bio-Technology) or B.Pharm. through UPSEE are required to appear for Paper-2 of the exam. The paper comprises of 150 objective type questions (50 from each section viz. Physics, Chemistry, and Biology). Candidates who are planning to appear in the UPSEE 2020 exam must start their preparation with UPSEE 2020 Syllabus Paper-2.

No major changes are expected in the syllabus. So, here we are providing the complete syllabus on the basis of 2019 notification. The topics in the syllabus are from class XI and XII curriculum so class XII candidates must study keeping in mind the board exams and UPSEE exam.

## UPSEE 2020 Syllabus Paper-2

### Section A - PHYSICS

Measurement: Dimensional analysis and error estimation, dimensional compatibility and significant figures.

Laws of Motion: Force and inertia, Newton's laws of motion, and their significance.

Motion in one dimension: Average velocity, instantaneous velocity, one-dimensional motion with constant acceleration, freely falling bodies.

Motion in two dimensions: Projectile motion, uniform circular motion, relative motion, and relative acceleration, tangential and radial acceleration in curve-linear motion.

Work, Power, and Energy: Work done by a constant and variable forces, kinetic and potential energy, power, Conservative and non-conservative forces, conservation of energy, work-energy theorem, gravitational energy, potential energy stored in a spring.

Linear Momentum & collisions: Linear momentum & impulse, conservation of linear momentum for a two-particle system, collisions, collision in one dimension, collision in two dimensions, rocket propulsion.

Rotation of a rigid body about a fixed axis: Angular velocity and angular acceleration, rotational kinematics, relationship between angular and linear quantities, rotational motion with constant angular acceleration, rotational energy, torque and angular acceleration, moment of inertia for a ring, spherical shell, rod, sphere and plane lamina, work and energy in rotational motion, rolling motion of a solid sphere and cylinder.

Gravitation: Gravitational field, Kepler's laws and motion of planets, planetary and satellite motion, geostationary satellite.

Oscillatory motion: Harmonic motion, oscillatory motion of mass attached to a spring, kinetic & potential energy, Time Period of a simple pendulum, comparing simple and harmonic motion with uniform circular motion, forced oscillations, damped oscillations and resonance.

Mechanics of solids and fluids: States of matter young's modulus, shear modulus of rigidity, bulk modulus, Buoyant Forces and Archimedes principle, variations of pressure with depth, Pascal's law, Bernoulli's theorem and its application, surface tension, surface energy, angle of contact, capillary rise, viscous force, coefficient of viscosity, terminal velocity, streamline motion, Stoke's law, Reynold's numbers.

Heat and thermodynamics: First law of thermodynamics, specific heat of an ideal gas at constant volume and constant pressure, relation between them, thermodynamics process (reversible, irreversible, isothermal, adiabatic), second law of thermodynamics, efficiency of a Carnot engine, concept of entropy and concept of absolute scale, thermal conductivity, Newton's law of cooling, black body radiation, Stefan's law, Wien's displacement law.

Wave: Wave motion, phase, amplitude and velocity of the wave, Newton's formula for longitudinal waves, propagation of sound waves in air, the effect of temperature and pressure on velocity of sound, Principle of superposition, Laplace's correction, formation of standing waves, standing waves in strings and pipes, beats, Doppler's effect.

Electrostatics: Coulomb's law, electric field and potential due to a point charge, dipole and its field along the axis and perpendicular to axis, electric flux, Gauss's theorem and its applications to find the field due to an infinite sheet of charge, and inside the hollow conducting sphere, capacitance, series and parallel combination of capacitors, parallel plate capacitor with air and dielectric medium between the Plates, energy of a capacitor, displacement currents.

Current Electricity: Concept of free and bound electrons, drift velocity and mobility, Ohm's law, electric current, conductivity, resistivity, temperature dependency of resistance, resistance in series and parallel combination, principle of potentiometer, Kirchhoff’s law and their application to network of resistances, effect of temperature on resistance and its application.

Magnetic Effect of Current: Magnetic field due to current, magnetic field due to solenoid, Biot-Savart's law, motion of charge in a magnetic field, magnetic flux, force on a current carrying conductors and torque on a current loop in a magnetic field, forces between two parallel current carrying conductors, moving coil galvanometer and its conversion into ammeter and voltmeter.

Magnetism in Matter: The magnetization of substance due to orbital and spin motions of electrons, diamagnetism, magnetic moment of atoms, ferromagnetism, paramagnetism, earth's magnetic field and its components and their measurement.

Electromagnetic induction: Induced Emf., Lenz's law, Faraday's law, electromagnetic induction, B-H curve,  self and mutual induction, hysteresis loss and its importance, eddy currents.

Ray Optics and optical instruments: Sources of light, wave nature of light, luminous intensity, luminous flux, illuminance, photometry, reflection of light , Huygen's theory for propagation of light and rectilinear propagation of light, total internal reflection, reflection and refraction at spherical surfaces, spherical and chromatic aberration and their removal, focal length of a combination of lenses, refraction and dispersion of light due to a prism, reflecting and refracting telescope, simple and compound microscope, magnifying power and resolving power.

Wave Optics: Coherent and incoherent sources of light, interference, young's double slit experiment diffraction due to a single slit, linearly polarized light, Polaroid.

Modern Physics: Photo-electric equation, quantization, matter waves, Bohr's model of hydrogen atom and its spectra, Planck's hypothesis, ionization potential, solar spectrum and Fraunhofer lines, Rydberg constant, fluorescence and phosphorescence, X-Rays and their productions, characteristic and continuous spectra. Nuclear Instability, radioactive decay laws, Emission of ????, ???? and ???? rays, Mass - defect, Mass Energy equivalence, Nuclear Fusion, Nuclear Fission Nuclear Reactors. Classification of conductors, Insulators and semiconductors on the basis of energy bands in solids, PN Diode, PN junction, Transistor as an amplifier and Oscillator, junction Transistors. Principles of Logic Gates ( AND, OR and NOT ) Analog Vs Digital communication, Principle of LASER and MASER, Difference between Radio and television, Signal propagation, Population Inversion, Spontaneous and Stimulated Emission.

### Section B - Chemistry

Atomic Structure: Bohr's concept. Quantum numbers, Electronic configuration, molecular orbital theory for homo-nuclear molecules, Pauli's exclusion principle.

Chemical Bonding: Electrovalency, co-valency, hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals hydrogen bonding.

Redox Reactions: Oxidation number, oxidising and reducing agents, balancing of equations. Chemical Equilibrium and Kinetics: Equilibrium constant (for gaseous system only) Le Chatelier's principle, ionic equilibrium, Ostwald's dilution law, hydrolysis, pH and buffer solutions, solubility product, common-ion effect, rate constant and first order reaction.

Acid-Base Concepts: Bronsted Lowry & Lewis.

Electrochemistry: Electrode potential and electro-chemical series.

Catalysis: Types and applications.

Colloids: Types and preparation, Brownian movement, Tyndall effect, coagulation and peptization.

Colligative Properties of Solution: Lowering of vapor pressure, Osmotic pressure, depression of freezing point, elevation of boiling point, determination of molecular weight.

Periodic Table: Classification of elements on the basis of electronic configuration, properties of s,p and d block elements, ionization potential, electronegativity & electron affinity.

Preparation and Properties of the following: Hydrogen peroxide. copper sulfate, silver nitrate, Plaster of Paris, borax, Mohr's salt, alums, white and red lead, microcosmic salt and bleaching powder, sodium thiosulfate.

Thermo-chemistry: Exothermic & endothermic reactions Heat of reaction, Heat of combustion & formation, neutralization, Hess's law.

General Organic Chemistry: Shape of organic compounds, Inductive effect, mesomeric effect, electrophiles & nucleophiles, Reaction intermediates: carbonium ions, carbanions & free radical, Types of organic reactions, Cannizzaro Friedel Craft, Perkin, Aldol condensation.

Isomerism: Structural, Geometrical & Optical

IUPAC: Nomenclature of simple organic compounds.

Carbohydrates: Monosaccharides.

Preparation and Properties Of the Followings: Hydrocarbons, monohydric alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, monocarboxylic acids, primary amines, benzene, nitrobenzene, aniline, phenol, benzaldehyde, benzoic acid, Grignard Reagent.

Solid State: Structure of simple ionic compounds, Crystal imperfections (point defects only), Born-Haber cycle

Petroleum: Important industrial fractions, cracking, octane number, anti-knocking compounds.

### Section-C BIOLOGY

#### Zoology

Origin of Life: Oparin's theory, Miller's Experiment, Viruses - structure, properties, distribution, classification and pathogenesis (Eg. AIDS, CANCER), Viroids & Prions, Biotic balance. Organic Evolution: Relationship among organisms and Evidences of organic Evolution - Principles of Evolution - Lamarckism, Darwinism and Speciation.

Mechanism of Organic Evolution: Variations - Definition, causes and types, Mutations (Principles of Hugo de Vries), Role of mutations in speciation. Evolution through ages and human evolution

Human Genetics and Eugenics: Human hereditary traits, study of Twins, A.B.O. blood groups and their inheritance, Rh-factor, Sex determination. Chromosomal aberrations, Important human syndromes, Sex linked characters and their inheritance, Applied Genetics - eugenics, euthenics, euphenics & I.Q. Test.

Applied Biology: Wildlife of India - Endangered species: Biosphere Reserves, National Parks and sanctuaries, Project Tiger, Conservation of wild life, Bio-energy, Poultry, Fisheries (edible fishes), Human Population, Population explosion, problems & control. Test - Tube babies, & Amniocentesis, Application of Biotechnology in human welfare. Human Aging.

Mammalian Anatomy (Eg. Rabbit): Reproductive system (excluding embryonic development) Osteology, structure and organization of different systems.

Animal Physiology:

1. Animal Nutrition: Food, Balanced diet, Nutritional imbalances and deficiency diseases, Digestion, Absorption, Assimilation of food, (comparison between human andRabbit).
2. Animal Excretion and Osmoregulation: Chemical nature of excretory products in various animals, Physiology of excretion, Function of liver and kidney (Homeostatic regulatory functions of kidneys), Formation of urine, Osmoregulation by kidneys.
3. Respiratory System: Exchange and transport of gases (O2 and Co2) factors affecting O2 and Co2 transport, Cellular respiration, different lung volumes, breathing and sound production.
4. Nervous Systems: Central, autonomic and peripheral nervous system, Receptors, Effectors, Reflex- action. Nature and conduction of Nerve- impulses, Synapse, Sense organs - Structure & working of Eye & Ear, Biochemistry of vision and taste buds.
5. Endocrine System: Different endocrine glands and Hormones - definition, types, characteristics and their functions, (in relation to human beings), Hormonal disorders and pheromones.
6. Circulatory System: Circulation of body fluids- Blood and lymph, Open and closed vascular systems, Structure and working physiology of Heart, Comparison between arteries and veins, Lymphatic system.
7. Animal Diversity: Classification of the Animal kingdom (Based on Storar & Eusinger), Characteristics feature of different phyla and classes with examples.

Detailed studies of followings:

1. Protozoa
1. Amoeba- Habit & Habitat, structure, locomotion, reproduction, Osmoregulation, Parasitic Ameba - Entamoeba histolytica and Entamoeba gingivalis, structure, diseases caused by them and their control measures.
2. Plasmodium vivax-life-cycle, malaria therapy and control.
3. Protozoan and diseases
2. Porifera: A simple sponge ( Leucosolenia); Detailed study of structure & physiology, Sponge industry.
3. Coelenterata: Hydra - Habit and Habitat, morphology, tissue differentiation in relation to physiological division of labour and regeneration.
4. Aschelminthes: Ascaris- morphology, life-cycle, therapy and control.
5. Annelida: Pheretima posthuma - Bionomics and economic importance.
6. Arthropoda: (Periplaneta): Structure- external and internal.

Comparison between Periplaneta and Blatta.

1. House fly & Mosquito: structure and life–cycle
2. Economic importance of insects & their control.

#### Botany

Plant Cell: Structure & functions electron microscopic structured mitochondria, Plastids centrosomes. Lysosomes, microsomes, endoplasmic reticulum, Nucleus, Golgi Bodies, D.N.A & R.N.A. Cytoplasm, membranes and cell wall.

Protoplasm: structure, components physical and chemical properties. Cell division (formation) - free cell formation, Amitosis & Meiosis, Duplication of D.N.A.

Ecology: Ecological factors (atmospheric, edaphic, climatic, geological & biotic factors). Ecosystem: Structure, components of ecosystem eg. water-soluble minerals and gases, producers consumers, decomposers, Pond and forest ecosystem. Atmospheric pollution-causes and control, Types of pollution - Detergents, chemicals automobile exhaust, Radioactive matter, Smog, sound, Pesticides.

Genetics: Mendelism, Mendel's experiment and the law of inheritance.

Modern Classification of the plant kingdom- (according to Ostwald & Tippo) (outline).

Seeds in angiospermic plants: description of the development of angiospermic plants (life history of angiospermic plants).

Fruits: Dispersal of fruits and seeds

Cell differentiation Plant Tissue: Meristematic classification of meristematic & permanent tissue and functions and classification of tissue system.

Anatomy of Root, stem, and leaf: Difference between dicot and Monocot stem. Secondary growth of stem and root. Anatomy of hydrophytes, Xerophytes & Mesophytes.

Important phyla:

Algae: Habitat, general characters & uses, description of ulothrix & spirogyra.

Bacteria: structure - types of nutrition, reproduction, and economic importance.

Fungi: structure description of Rhizopus and yeast and their economic importance, Fermentation.

Bryophyta: structure and economic importance, description of funaria (Moss)

Pteridophyta: general structures of pteridophytes description of fern (Dryopteris) General study of gymnosperms and life history of cycas.

Classification of angiosperm, Description of families - identification and economic importance Cruciferae, Malvaceae, Leguminosae, compositae, cucurbitaceae.

Soil: Absorption of water through root hairs osmosis, Translocation and Root pressure Nitrogen cycle. Special modes of nutrition in plants (Autotrophic, heterotrophic, Parasites, saprophytes, Symbionts insectivorous and their ecological relations.

Photosynthesis: Chloroplast, light, chlorophyll and Carbon dioxide, Mechanism of photosynthesis formation of A.T.P. and their functions and importance of photosynthesis. Transpiration: factors and importance, Mechanism of opening and closing of stomata. Respiration: aerobic, anaerobic respiration, mechanism of respiration (Glycolysis, Kreb's cycle, E.T.S.) Growth & movement: definition of growth, Region of growth & their measurements, types of movements in plants, Growth hormone.