OTET Syllabus 2021 - Paper-I and Paper-II Syllabi and Qualifying Marks (Latest)

Published on : 8th April 2021    Author : Himanshu Basant Bhatt
OTET Exam

The Board of Secondary Education, Odisha releases the OTET syllabus along with the exam notification. The OTET exam comprises two papers for classes I to V teachers and classes VI to VIII teachers. The syllabus is provided for both Paper-I and Paper-II. Candidates are advised to download the syllabus well before time and start their preparation. Check out the complete OTET 2021 syllabus here.


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OTET 2021 Latest Syllabus

The detailed syllabus for Paper-I and Paper-II is mentioned below for all the sections/ subjects. You can check out the detailed exam pattern here.

OTET Paper I Syllabus

Child Development & Pedagogy (30 marks)

Unit 1: Understanding Child Development during Childhood (focus on children at primary level)

Concept, principles, and stages of child development

Characteristics of physical, cognitive, social, emotional, and moral development in childhood

Influence of heredity and environment in understanding the child

Unit 2: Understanding Learning Process and Learners

Learning – concept, nature, and individual differences in learning

Understanding how a child learns – learning through observation, limitation

Understanding low child learns – various methods of learning

Basic conditions of learning and promotion of learning through motivation, classroom learning environment, and teacher behaviour, Development of creative thinking

Unit 3: Understanding Learning Process and Learners

Learning – concept, nature, and individual differences in learning

Understanding how a child learns – learning through observation, limitation

Understanding low child learns – various methods of learning

Basic conditions of learning and promotion of learning through motivation, classroom learning environment, and teacher behaviour, Development of creative thinking

Unit 4: Approaches to teaching and learning

Teacher-centred, learner-centred, and learning-centred approach

A competency-based and activity-based approach

TLM – its importance, use, and preparation for classroom transaction

Teaching competency to handle mono-grade and multigrade situation

Unit 5: Assessment, Continuous and comprehensive assessment, Purpose of assessment, Assessing scholastic and other scholastic areas, Sharing of assessment outcomes and follow up

Language-I (Odia/ Urdu/ Hindi/ Telugu/ Bengali) (30 marks)

Unit 1: Learning Odia / Urdu / Hindi / Telugu / Bengali at elementary level

Aims and objectives of teaching Odia / Urdu / Hindi / Telugu / Bengali as mother tongue

Principles of language teaching

Acquisition of four-fold language skills in Odia / Urdu / Hindi / Telugu / Bengali viz., listening, speaking, reading, and writing

Interdependence of four language skills

Objectives and strategies of transacting integrated text for the beginners

Unit 2: Teaching, Reading and Writing Skills

The technique of developing intensive and extensive reading skills

Teaching-learning composition and creative writing

A critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning the language for communicating ideas in written form

Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom, language difficulties, and errors

Unit 3: Assessment of learning Odia / Urdu / Hindi / Telugu / Bengali

Assessment language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listening, reading, writing – construction of different types of test items

Remedial teaching

Unit 4: Language items - Part of speech – Noun, Pronoun, Verb, Adverb, Adjectives, Conjunction, Formation of words – using prefix and suffix, Synonyms and antonyms

Phrases and idioms

Unit 5: Language Comprehension

Reading two unseen passages – one passage from prose and one poem with questions on comprehension, drama, inference, grammar, and verbal ability

(prose passage may be literary, scientific, narrative, or discursive)

Language-II (English) (30 marks)

Unit 1: Learning English at the Elementary Level, Importance of learning English, Objectives of learning English (in terms of content and competence specifications)

Unit 2: Language Learning, Principles of language teaching, Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom

Unit 3: Skills in learning English, Four-fold basic skills of learning viz., listening, speaking, reading and writing: interdependence of skills, Techniques, and activities for developing listening and speaking skills (recitation, storytelling, dialogue), Development of reading skills: reading for comprehension, techniques, and strategies for teaching, reading (phonic, alphabet, word, sentence, and story), Development of writing skill – teaching composition

Unit 4: Assessment of English, Assessing language comprehension and proficiency: listening, speaking, reading, writing

Unit 5: Comprehension - Two unseen prose passage (discursive or literary or narrative or scientific) with questions on comprehension, grammar, and verbal ability

Unit 6: Language items, Nouns, Adverbs, Verbs, Tense and Time, Preposition, Articles, Adjectives, Prepositions, Punctuation

Mathematics (30 marks)

Unit 1: Mathematics Education in Schools, Nature of Mathematics (exactness, systematic, patterns, preciseness), Aims and objectives of teaching Mathematics, Specific objectives of teaching Mathematics

Unit 2: Methods and Approaches to Teaching-Learning Mathematics, Methods: Inductive, deductive, analysis, synthesis, play-way, Approaches: Constructivist and Activity-based

Unit 3: Assessment in Mathematics, Assessment in Mathematics, Formal and informal assessment, Different types of test items, Planning for remedial and enrichment programme in Mathematics

Unit 4: Number System and Operation in Numbers, Number system (natural, whole, rational, real), Fundamental operation on numbers, Fractional numbers and decimals – operations in fractional numbers and decimals, Factors and multiples – HCF and LCM, Percentage and its application

Unit 5: Measurement, Measurement of length, weight, capacity, Measurement of area and perimeter of rectangle and square, Measurement of time (concept of am, pm, and time interval)

Unit 6: Shapes and spatial Relationship, Basic geometrical concepts (point, line segment, ray, straight line, angles), The geometry of triangles, quadrilaterals, and circles, Symmetry, Geometrical slides (cube, cuboid, sphere, cylinder cone)

Unit 7: Data Handling and Patterns, Pictography, bar graph, histogram, pie chart, Interpretation of these graphs, Patterns in numbers and figures

Environment Studies (EVS) (30 marks)

Unit 1: Concept, Concept and Significance, Integration of Science and Social Science, Aims and objectives of teaching and learning EVS

Unit 2: Methods and Approaches, Basic principles of teaching EVS, Methods: Survey, Practical Work, discussion, observation, project, Approaches: Activity-based, theme-based

Unit 3: Evaluation in EVS, Tools, and techniques for evaluating learning in EVS, Diagnostic assessment in EVS

Unit 4: Governance, Local-self, Government – State and Central, Judiciary

Unit 5: Physical Features of Odisha and India, Landscape, Climate, Natural resources, Agriculture and industry

Unit 6: History of Freedom Struggle in India and Odisha

Unit 7: Health and Diseases, Nutritional, elements, balanced diet, Nutritional, deficiency and diseases, Waste materials and disposal, First-aid, Air and water pollution

Unit 8: Internal Systems of Human Body, Respiratory, circulatory, digestive and excretory system – structure and parts of plant – structure, and function

Unit 9: Matter, Force and Energy, Matter and its properties, Earth and sky, the effect of rotation and revolution of the earth, Work and energy

OTET Paper-II Syllabus

Child Development and Pedagogy (30 marks)

Unit 1: Child Development (Focus on Upper Primary School Children)  Features of Physical, Cognitive, Social, Emotional & Moral development during pre-adolescence and adolescence  Effect of Heredity and Environment on development  Needs and problems of adolescents  Individual differences among learners

Unit 2: Learning - Learning as meaning, making knowledge and construction, How children learn – observation, initiation, trial, error, experience  Learning as social activity  Rote learning and meaningful learning  Factors affecting learning  Strategies for promoting lessons  Addressing learners from diverse backgrounds including disadvantaged and deprived, Addressing the needs of children with learning difficulties and impairment, Addressing the talented, creative and specially-abled learners

Unit 3: Curriculum Teaching-Learning Approaches and Evaluation, Teacher-centred, learner-centred and learning-centred approaches, Principles of curriculum organization, Teaching-learning aids  Continuous comprehensive assessment of learning, planning and designing achievement tests, rating scale, check-list, Test reliability, and validity, Date representation – mean, mode and median and standard deviation

Language - I (Hindi/ Odia/ Urdu/ Bengali/ Telugu) (30 marks)

Unit 1: Learning Odia / Urdu / Hindi / Telugu / Bengali at Upper Primary Level  Aims and objectives of learning Odia / Urdu / Hindi / Telugu / Bengali as first language  Principles of teaching mother tongue  Development of language skills (speaking, reading, writing, and listening)

Unit 2: Teaching Language  Intensive and Extensive reading skills at upper primary level  Teaching of non-detailed and detailed texts (prose, poetry)  Teaching of composition and creative writing  Teaching of grammar  Challenges of teaching Odia / Urdu / Hindi / Telugu / Bengali in a multilingual context

Unit 3: Assessment of Language  Assessment of learning Odia / Urdu / Hindi / Telugu / Bengali language – listening, speaking, reading and writing  Planning and designing achievement tests and other tools for assessment

Unit 4: Elements of Odia / Urdu / Hindi / Telugu / Bengali Language  Comprehension of two unseen passages (one from prose/ drama and the other from poem) with test items on comprehension, vocabulary and grammar.

Unit 5: Language Items  Parts of speech (noun, pronoun, verb, adverb, adjectives, conjunction)  Formation of words (prefix and suffix)  Vocabulary (spelling and meaning of synonym and antonym)  Phrases and idioms

Unit 6: Contribution of famous literates for development of Odia / Urdu / Hindi / Telugu / Bengali language  Odia-Fakir Mohan Senapati, Gangadhar Meher, Radhanath Ray, Surendra Mohanty, Gopinath Mohanty  Urdu – Altaf Hussain Hali, Niaz Fatepuri, Ali Sardar Jafri, Amir Khusroo, Majrooh Sultanpuri, Hindi – Bharatendu Harischandra, Mahavir Prasad Dwivedy, Prem Chand, Jayashankar Prasad, Suryakanta Tripathy Nirala  Bengali – Rabindra Nath Tagore, Sarat Chandra Chhatopadhya, Tarasankar Bandopadhyay, Kazi Nazrul Islam, Bibhuti Bhusan Bandopadhyay  Telugu – Srinanthadu, Gurajuda Appa Rao, Kandukuri Veeresalingam, Arudra, C. Narayan Reddy

Language - II (English) (30 marks)

Unit 1: Learning English at Upper Primary Level  Importance of learning English  Objective of learning English

Unit 2: Development of English Language Skills  Basic skills of language (listening, speaking, reading, writing), the interdependence of skills, Teaching of prose, poetry and composition  Teaching of creative writing  Principles of language teaching, Challenges of teaching English as a second language at upper primary level

Unit 3: Assessment of learning English Language  Assessment of comprehension and language skills (listening, speaking, reading, and writing)

Unit 4: Comprehension - Two unseen passages (one from prose/ drama and another from poem) with questions on comprehension, grammar)

Unit 5: Language Items  Parts of speech, tense, voice change and change of narration, use of the article, use of punctuation mark  Vocabulary – meaning and spelling

Mathematics (30 marks)

Unit 1: Mathematics at Upper Primary Stage  Nature of Mathematics – logical, systematic, abstractions, pattern, mathematical language  Aims and objectives of teaching Mathematics  Specific objectives of teaching Mathematics

Unit 2: Methods and Approaches to Teaching-Learning Mathematics  Methods: induction, deduction, analysis, and synthesis, Approaches: Constructivist and activity-based

Unit 3: Evaluation in Mathematics  Formal and informal evaluation  Error analysis  Remedial and enrichment programmes

Unit 4: Number System  Number System (focus on real and rational numbers)  Properties in different number systems

Unit 5: Algebra  Basic concepts: terms, co-efficient, powers  Algebraic equations and their applications (with one variable)  Polynomials – operations in polynomials  Laws of indices  Identities

Unit 6: Commercial Arithmetic  Percentage and its application (profit and loss, simple and compound, interest, banking, rebate)  Ratio and proportion  Variation and its application  Square, square root, cube, cube root of natural numbers

Unit 7: Shapes and Spatial Relationship  Triangles and Quadrilaterals, Angles, complementary and supplementary angles, opposite angles, exterior angles of the triangle  Angle sum property  Parallel lines and properties relating to parallel lines  Congruence and similarities, Menstruations (area and circumference of circle, higher-order problems relating to area of square, triangle, rectangle, parallelogram, trapezium, Pythagorean theorem)

Science (30 marks)

Unit 1: Nature of Science, Aims, and objectives of teaching-learning science at the upper primary stage

Unit 2: Methods and Approaches; Methods: Observation, Experimentation, Discovery, Project and Problem Solving, Approaches: Integrated approach, constructivists approach

Unit 3: Evaluation in Science  Tools and techniques for assessing learning in Science

Unit 4: Physical Science - Metal, nonmetal and metalloid  Elements and compounds  Symbol, valence and chemical equation  Acid, base and salt  Physical and chemical change in matters  Force, motion, friction, pressure in solid, liquid and gases  Electricity and current chemical effects of electric current  Refraction and reflection of light  Solar system and planets

Unit 5: Life Science  Biological adaptation among living beings  Respiration and transpiration  Soil and forest resource, Cell structure and function of cell organelle  Micro-organisms  Adolescence in human being

Social Studies (60 marks)

Unit 1: Aims and Objectives of Teaching Social Studies, Importance of teaching-learning Social Sciences at the upper primary stage, Aims and objectives of teaching-learning Social Sciences  Specific objectives of teaching-learning Social Science

Unit 2: Methods and Approaches; Methods: Survey, fieldwork/trips, project, group work, Approaches: Activity-based, theme-based

Unit 3: Evaluation in Social Science, Tools and technique for assessment of learning in Social Science, Diagnostic assessment and remedial teaching

Unit 4: History and Political Science  Methods of historical studies, social, economic and political conditions of the sultanate, Moghul and British period  Slave, Khiligi, Tughlaq, Lodi Dynasty  East India Company, British Crown, Impact of British rules, Ancient period, Kharabela, Ashoka  Soma, Garganga, Surya, fall of Odisha, Odisha under Moghuls  Nationalist movement in India  Development of Nationalism and Europe

Unit 5: Political Science  Indian Constitution  Human Rights  Governance at Central, State and Local level  Political Parties and pressure group

Unit 6: Geography - Odisha Geography – physical features, climate, agriculture, and industry  Natural resources (land, water, forest, and wild animals, minerals), Atmosphere, biosphere, and hydrosphere  Earth – crust, internal structure, landscape (hills and mountains, plateau, plains, rivers), Temperature zones of the earth

OTET 2021- Qualifying Marks

The minimum qualifying marks for the OTET 2021 exam are:

  • General category - 60%
  • OBC/ SC/ ST/ SEBC/ PwD category - 50%

With such high qualifying marks, candidates must prepare for the exam thoroughly covering the entire syllabus. 


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