ExamsPlanner May 11, 2017: The Union Public service commission has announced the date of preliminary exam of civil services examination on June 18. Thepreliminary exam is the first stage of the civil services exam. Those candidates who qualify the preliminary exam are required to take up the civil services mains exam.
The preliminary exam tests candidates general awareness and aptitude. It is usually said that the general awareness section of civil services examination is exhaustive and there is no end to it. It will be fatal from the examination point of view to study without any proper strategy. A student should cover selected topics first. In the general awareness section candidate should study in a focused way.
For some of the subjects students can mark some important areas in the syllabus as mentioned below –
All sections of History are important and it should be covered thoroughly. Earlier in prelims exams questions were mostly asked from modern India and least numbers of questions were asked from ancient and medieval India. But now there is a reversal of this trend, in recent years numbers of questions in history section are from ancient and medieval India have gone up. In ancient India student should focus upon Indus Valley Civilization, Jainism and Buddhism, while Mughal dynasty is the most important topic in medieval history.So a student should focus on these areas also. Reading old NCERT books will be extremely beneficial.
In polity student should prepare exhaustively about the constitution of India. They should focus upon the chapters of Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State policy, Fundamental Duties, Centre-state relation and Parliament. Apart from these chapters a student should keep himself updated about the recent political happenings. Because questions in polity will relate to the current affairs. DD Basu is the best source of information in polity.
For Geography student should read the NCERT books from class 8th to class 12th. Also G.C Leong should also be read. Indian geography should be the focus of preparation. Questions are mostly put in geography about India. One should prepare exhaustively on Indian geography. From world geography not much questions are asked, preparation of world geography with world map would be enough.
The Economy can be prepared in the best way by reading newspapers and magazines regularly. One should also read class 11th and class 12th economy for building one’s concept. A student should relate the recent events with the basic concepts. The areas of focus should be Indian economy, important financial institutions, International organizations and current news related with them.
Science and Technology is another important area of preparation. Every year questions relating to space science, innovations, noble laureates, rocket and space technologies etc. are asked. One can prepare for this section easily, by studying class 11th and class 12th science books for gaining conceptual clarity and science magazines for current news relating to science.
Since 2013 the Indian forest service exams has been combined with the civil services exam. Because of which many questions from environment section are put in the question paper. The area of questions are wild life sanctuaries, national parks, endangered species, climate change and international conventions related to environment. The ICSE 9th and 10th books are best to read for the exam.
Current affairs is the most important section from the civil services examination point of view. It is implicitly present across whole syllabus. A student should read newspaper daily and try to make notes also. Monthly magazines relating to current affairs should also be read. Preparing well for current affairs also helps in scoring good marks in the mains exam also.