Aspiring for a teaching career at University level in India? University Grants Commission’s National Eligibility Test (UGC NET) is the way to move ahead. The exam is conducted for 85 subjects (one subject (Sindhi) to be covered from December 2018 session exam). This article covers the syllabus for one of the most popular subjects of UGC NET – Political Science.
Many Political Science post-graduate students aspire to crack UGC NET Exam for Junior Research Fellowship and/or for the post of Assistant Professor in an Indian University/college. If you are also a UGC NET aspirant, go through the article for UGC NET Syllabus for Political Science.
UGC has eliminated the Paper III with effect from July 2018 exam. However, the syllabus of Paper-III will now be covered under Paper-II. Here is the complete syllabus for Paper-II as prescribed by the University Grants Commission.
Paper-1 is common for all the subjects. It includes questions on research and teaching aptitude. Download the syllabus for UGC NET Paper-I.
UGC NET Syllabus For Political Science (Paper-II)
1. Political Theory and Thought
- Ancient Indian Political Thought: Kautilya and Shanti Parva.
- Greek Political Thought: Plato and Aristotle.
- European Thought – I: Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau.
- European Thought – II: Bentham, J. S. Mill, Hegel, Marx, and Green.
- Contemporary Political Thought – I: Lenin, Mao, Gramsci.
- Contemporary Political Thought – II: Rawls, Nozic, and Communitarians.
- Modern Indian Thought: Gandhi, M. N. Roy, Aurobindo Ghosh, Joy Prakash Ambedkar, Savarkar.
- Concepts and Issue – I: Medieval Political Thought: Church-State Relationship and Theory of Two Swords.
- Concepts and Issue – II: Behaviouralism and Post-Behaviouralism, Decline and Resurgence of Political Theory. Democracy, Liberty, and Equality.
2. Comparative Politics and Political Analysis
Evolution of Comparative Politics as a discipline; nature and scope.
- Approaches to the study of comparative politics: Traditional, Structural – Functional, Systems, and Marxist.
- Constitutionalism : Concepts, Problems and Limitations.
- Forms of Government: Unitary – Federal, Parliamentary – Presidential.
- Organs of Government: Executive, Legislature, Judiciary – their interrelationship in comparative perspective.
- Party Systems and Pressure Groups; Electoral Systems.
- Bureaucracy – types and roles.
- Political Development and Political Modernization.
- Political Culture, Political Socialization and Political Communication.
- Political Elite; Elitist theory of Democracy.
- Power, Authority, and Legitimacy.
- Revolution: Theories and Types.
- Dependency: Development and Under Development.
3. Indian Government and Politics
- National Movement, Constitutional Developments and the Making of Indian Constitution.
- Ideological Bases of the Indian Constitution, Preamble, Fundamental Rights and Duties and Directive Principles.
- Constitution as Instrument of Socio-Economic Change, Constitutional Amendments, and Review.
- Structure and Process – I: President, Prime Minister, Council of Ministers, Working of the Parliamentary System.
- Structure and Process – II: Governor, Chief Minister, Council of Ministers, State Legislature.
- Panchayati Raj Institutions: Rural and Urban, their working.
- Federalism: Theory and Practice in India; Demands of Autonomy and Separatist Movements; Emerging trends in Centre-State Relations.
- Judiciary: Supreme Court, High Courts, Judicial Review, Judicial Activism including Public Interest Litigation cases, Judicial Reforms.
- Political Parties, Pressure Groups, Public Opinion, Media; Subaltern and Peasant Movements.
- Elections, Electoral Behaviour, Election Commission and Electoral Reforms.
4. UGC NET Public Administration
Development of Public Administration as a discipline; Approaches to the study of Public Administration: Decision – making, Ecological and Systems; Development Administration.
Theories of Organization
- Principles of Organization: Line and staff, the unity of command, hierarchy, a span of control, centralization and decentralization, Types of organization – formal and informal; Forms of the organization; department, public corporation and board.
- Chief Executive: Types, functions, and roles.
- Personnel Administration: Recruitment, Training, Promotion, Discipline, Morale; Employee-Employer Relations.
- Bureaucracy: Theories, Types, and Roles; Max Weber and his critics. Civil servant – Minister relationship.
- Leadership, its role in decision – making; Communication.
- Financial Administration: Budget, Audit, Control over Finance with special reference to India and UK.
- Good Governance; Problems of Administrative Corruption; Transparency and Accountability; Right to Information.
- Grievance Redressal Institutions: Ombudsman, Lokpal, and Lokayukta.
5. International Relations
- Contending Theories and Approaches to the study of International Relations; Idealist, Realist, Systems, Game, Communication, and Decision – making.
- Power, Interest, and Ideology in International Relations; Elements of Power: Acquisition, use, and limitations of power, Perception, Formulation, and Promotion of National Interest, Meaning, Role and Relevance of Ideology in International Relations.
- Arms and Wars: Nature, causes and types of wars/conflicts including ethnic disputes; conventional, Nuclear/biochemical wars; deterrence, Arms Race, Arms Control and Disarmament.
- Peaceful Settlement of Disputes, Conflict Resolution, Diplomacy, World – order, and Peace studies.
- Cold War, Alliances, Non – Alignment, End of Cold war, Globalisation.
- Rights and Duties of states in international law, intervention, Treaty law, prevention and abolition of war.
- Political Economy of International Relations; New International Economic Order, North-South Dialogue, South-South Cooperation, WTO, Neo – colonialism, and Dependency.
- Regional and sub – regional organisations especially SAARC, ASEAN, OPEC, OAS.
- United Nations: Aims, Objectives, Structure, and Evaluation of the working of UN; Peace and Development perspectives; Charter Revision; Power – struggle and Diplomacy within UN, Financing, and Peace – keeping operations.
- India’s Role in International affairs: India’s relations with its neighbors, Wars, Security Concerns and Pacts, Mediatory Role, distinguishing features of Indian Foreign Policy and Diplomacy.
Unit - I
- Political Theory
- Nature of Political Theory, its main concerns; decline and resurgence since the 1970s.
- Liberalism and Marxism
- Individual and Social Justice
- Role of Ideology
- Theories of change: Lenin, Mao, Gandhi.
Unit - II
- Political Thought.
- Plato and Aristotle.
- Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau and J. S. Mill.
- Karl Marx
- Gandhi, M. N. Roy, Aurobindo Ghosh.
Unit - III
- Comparative Politics and Political Analysis.
- Approaches to the study of comparative Politics Constitutionalism in theory and practice.
- Executive, Legislature, and Judiciary with special reference to India, USA, UK, and Switzerland.
- Party system and role of opposition.
- Electoral Process Separation of Powers, Rule of Law and Judicial Review.
Unit - IV
- Political Development.
- Political Modernization.
- Political Socialisation and Political Culture.
- Power and Authority.
- Political Elite.
Unit - V
- Making of the Indian Constitution.
- Fundamental Rights and Duties, and Directive Principles.
- Union Executive, Parliament.
- Supreme Court, Judicial Activism.
- Indian Federalism: Theory, Practice, and Problems.
Unit - VI
- Dynamics of State Politics.
- Local Governments: Rural and Urban.
- Political Parties, Pressure Groups, and Public Opinion.
- Elections, Electoral Reforms.
- Class, Caste, Gender, Dalit and Regional Issues, Problems of Nation – Building, and Integration.
Unit - VII
- Growth of Public Administration as a discipline; and New Public Administration.
- Theories of Organisation (Classical, Scientific, Human Relations).
- Principles of Organisation.
- Chief Executive.
- Control over Administration Judicial and Legislative Bureaucracy.
Unit - VIII
- Development Planning and Administration in India.
- Bureaucracy and Challenges of Development.
- Administrative Culture; Administrative Corruption, and Administrative Reforms.
- Panchayati Raj.
- Impact of Liberalization on Public Administration.
Unit - IX
- Theories of International Relations.
- Ideology, Power, and Interest.
- Conflicts and Conflict – Resolution.
- Changing concept of National Security and Challenges to the Nation-State System Arms and Arms – Control.
Unit - X
- End of Cold War, Globalisation and Political Economy of International Relations in the Contemporary World.
- Determinants and Compulsions of India’s Foreign Policy; India’s Nuclear Policy.
- India’s Relations with Neighbours and USA.
- India’s Role in the UN.
- India and Regional Organizations (SAARC, ASEAN), Indian Ocean.
Also Read: UGC NET Syllabus For Philosophy Paper II