Electrical Engineering EE – Courses, Career and Growth Prospects

Last Modified: 24 Sep 2023

Electrical Engineering (EE) is that discipline of engineering that deals with the technology of electricity, electronics and electromagnetism. Electrical engineers use scientific knowledge to design, build and maintain electrical products. Their job involves developing, testing and supervising electrical equipment manufacturing.

Electrical Engineers have a great future and scope to grow, as EE is one of the most exciting disciplines of engineering. In an EE course, students learn how to generate, transmit and distribute electricity. Not just this, they also get to create some new ways to develop electrical devices. No product is small or big for these engineers; they work on all kinds of products.

Eligibility Criteria for Electrical Engineering (EE)

It is essential for each student to fulfil the following criteria before applying for an EE course:

  • Class 10th pass outs are eligible for a diploma course in Electrical Engineering.
  • To apply for an undergraduate programme, students need to complete their class 12th in Science with PCM.
  • Mathematics and Physics are the compulsory subjects to pursue a degree and diploma course in EE.
  • Students interested in pursuing a Masters degree must have a Bachelors Degree in Electrical Engineering.

Important Subjects

There are different sub-divisions under Electrical Engineering, they include:

  • Signal processing
  • Instrumentation
  • Control
  • Power
  • Electronics
  • Microelectronics
  • Mechatronics
  • Computers
  • Telecommunications

Students focus on the following core-subjects while pursuing an EE course:

  • Circuit Analysis, Electronics
  • Control Systems
  • Transmission & Distribution
  • Electro-Magnetism
  • Thermodynamics
  • Electrical Engineering Material
  • Microprocessor Interfacing
  • Electricity Technology And Machines
  • Instrumentation
  • Power Engineering

Duration for Diploma, Undergraduate & Postgraduate Courses

The duration for a full-time diploma, graduation and post-graduation course in Electrical Engineering is:

  • Diploma – 3 years
  • B.E or B.Tech – 4 years
  • M.E or M.Tech - 2 years

Top Engineering Entrance Exams

There are various Indian colleges and universities in which students can pursue Electrical Engineering. Some institutes conduct entrance exams while others offer admissions based on the merit list of JEE Main.

The top entrance exams for Electrical Engineering:

  • IIT JEE Main 2019 (All India Entrance Examination)
  • IIT JEE Advanced 2019 (All India Entrance Examination)
  • BITSAT Exam 2019 (Birla Institute of Technology and Science)
  • GATE 2019 (Graduate Aptitude Test for Engineering)
  • BITSAT Exam 2019 (Birla Institute of Technology and Science)
  • IPU CET 2019 (Indra Prastha University Common Entrance Test)
  • BVP CET 2019 (Bharati Vidyapeeth Common Entrance Test)
  • BCECE 2019 (Bihar Combined Entrance Competitive Examination)
  • KCET 2019 (Karnataka Common Entrance Test)

Top EE Colleges in India

Here’s a list of top colleges where students can pursue Electrical Engineering:

  • IIT (Indian Institute of Technology), Kanpur
  • IIT (Indian Institute of Technology), Gandhinagar
  • IIT (Indian Institute of Technology), Delhi
  • IIT (Indian Institute of Technology), Hyderabad
  • IIT (Indian Institute of Technology), Jodhpur
  • IIT (Indian Institute of Technology), Kharagpur
  • IIT (Indian Institute of Technology), Guwahati
  • IIT (Indian Institute of Technology), Bombay
  • IIT (Indian Institute of Technology), Mandi
  • IIT (Indian Institute of Technology), Patna
  • NIT (National Institute of Technology), Raipur
  • NIT (National Institute of Technology), Agartala
  • NIT (National Institute of Technology), Calicut
  • NIT (National Institute of Technology), Warangal
  • NIT (National Institute of Technology), Durgapur
  • NIT (National Institute of Technology), Rourkela

Jobs and Career

Electricity has become a basic necessity in today’s day and age. Thus, the demand for electrical engineers is also huge. The fast-growing technological innovation also plays a vital role in increasing job opportunities for these engineers.

Electrical engineers can find jobs in fields such as; consultancy, civil aviation, electricity design, transportation, wireless communication, consumer’s electronics, product development, manufacturing, automotive, system management etc.

Job Titles of Electrical Engineering:

  • Electrical Product Design Engineer
  • Chief Engineer
  • Project Head
  • Operations Manager
  • Engineering Technologist
  • Consultant
  • Project Manager
  • Development and Test Engineers
  • Workshop Manager


An electrical engineering fresher gets a salary package starting from ₹3 lakhs to ₹5 lakhs per annum.  Students from reputed colleges get pay packages that reach ₹20 lakhs per year.

In abroad, engineers with skills and experience receive about $65,000 per annum.

Top Companies

Leading companies from different sectors that hire Electrical engineers are: -

  • NTPC
  • Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd
  • BHEL
  • GAIL
  • ISRO
  • State Electricity Board
  • Havells Legrand
  • Voltech EngineeringBALCO
  • Anchor Electrical and Electronics
  • Jindal Steel & Power Limited
  • Crompton GreavesEverest Industry
  • OMEGA Elevator
  • Tata Steel & Power LimitedTRF Ltd
  • Tata Motors
  • TRL
  • Hindustan Motor
  • CONE Elevator
  • Tata Metallic
  • Tata Motors
  • ALSTOM India Power project
  • Durgapur steel plant
  • Everest Industry
  • Zenith Construction
  • L&T Construction and Steel
  • Jay Balaji Steel
  • Bhushan Steel